3:30 PM - 3:45 PM
[SIT06-19] Sound velocity Fe3S at high pressure and high temperature based on inelastic X-ray scattering
Keywords:High pressure and temperture, Inelastic X-ray Scattering, Planetary core
There have been only a limited number of works for VP of Fe and Fe alloys with light elements, especially Fe alloys with sulfur. Recently, sound velocities of Fe, Fe-Ni, FeS, FeS2, FeO, Fe3C, Fe-Ni-Si alloys have reported based on an inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) (Fiquet et al., 2001; Antonangeli et al., 2004; Fiquet et al., 2004; Badro et al., 2007; Fiquet et al., 2009; Antonangeli et al., 2010). In the Fe-S system, VP of FeS, the end member of the Fe-FeS system, and FeS2, more sulfur-rich compound, have been studied but these compounds are not appropriate for the core materials of Mars because Fe-S system has a lot of intermediates such as Fe3S2, Fe2S, Fe3S under high pressures (Fei et al., 1997, 2000). In addition, Fe3S coexists with ε-Fe as a subsolidus phase from 20 GPa to at least 200 GPa (Kamada et al., 2010, 2012). Therefore, it is essential to study the VP of Fe3S to understand seismic properties of the Martian core. We have measured sound velocities of Fe3S under high temperature and pressure at BL35XU of SPring-8.
In this study, a synthesized Fe3S was used as a starting material. A symmetric diamond anvil cell was used to generate high pressures. IXS and XRD experiments were performed at the beamline 35XU of SPring-8, Japan (Baron et al., 2000). VP of Fe3S were measured up to 45 GPa and 1900 K. We will discuss temperature effect on VP of Fe3S and the Birch’s law and seismic wave velocity profile of the Martian core.