Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT06] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Satoru Tanaka(Department of Deep Earth Structure and Dynamics Research Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Taku Tsuchiya(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SIT06-P01] Lattice diffusion in B2-type MgO

*Takafumi Harada1, Taku Tsuchiya1 (1.Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University)

Keywords:Lattice diffusion, First principles calculation, Super Earth

High-pressure and high-temperature rheology is essential for understanding the dynamics in planets. Diffusion creep might be one of the dominant viscoplastic mechanisms and lattice diffusion coefficient D is a key property in this deformation process (e.g., Karato, 2011). Experimental measurements of D however still remain technically difficult under deep planetary conditions. Theoretical approaches therefore play a substantial role.
B2 (CsCl)-type MgO is a high-pressure phase of B1 (NaCl)-type MgO and expected to be one of the major constituents in super-Earths’ mantle and giant planetary core (Guillot, 1999; Tsuchiya and Tsuchiya, 2011). Although diffusion creep viscosity of super Earths’ mantle is usually assumed to increase with depth monotonically, a previous study (Karato, 2011) suggested that it could decrease associated with the B1-B2 transition of MgO. However, this idea is obtained based on measured plasticity of analog materials and thus D of actual B2-type MgO is still underdetermined.
In this study, we calculate D of B1- and B2-type MgO based on first principles constant-temperature molecular dynamics method combined with static lattice energy calculations. We identify distinctly larger D of both Mg and O in B2-type than in B1-type at the same pressure, suggesting that B2-type would be less viscous as expected. The mechanisms of increase in D will be presented.