Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT07] Structure and dynamics of Earth and Planetary deep interiors

Sun. May 22, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 201B (2F)

Convener:*Takashi Yoshino(Institute for Study of the Earth's Interior, Okayama University), Dapeng Zhao(Department of Geophysics, Tohoku University), Takashi Nakagawa(JAMSTEC/MAT), Chair:Yoshio Kono(Carnegie Institution for Science Washington), Masanori Kameyama(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University)

3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

[SIT07-18] First-principles study of solid iron-hydrogen alloys under high pressure

*Koichiro Umemoto1, Kei Hirose1 (1.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:Iron-hydrogen alloys, First principles, Crystal structure at high pressure

Hydrogen and iron are two of major constituents of the Earth and planetary interiors. The crystal structure of solid FeHx is one of the most fundamental information in order to understand properties of planetary cores. Recently, hydrogen-rich phases, FeH2 and FeH3, were experimentally synthesized [1]. The crystal structure of FeH3 was clarified by comparing experimental compression curve with calculated one. On the other hand, the structure of FeH2 remains unclear. It is mainly because the hydrogen positions are quite difficult to be determined by x-ray diffraction measurements. Ref. 1 proposed the crystal structure of FeH2, but it is less consistent with its experimental compression curve. Here we report the results of first-principles calculations on FeH2. We find the new hydrogen positions which lead to more stable structure than proposed by Ref. 1 and reproduces experimental compression curve very well. Our new structure will be essential for constraining the amount of hydrogen in iron alloys.
[1] C. M. Pépin, A. Dewaele, G. Geneste, P. Loubeyre, and M. Mezouar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 265504 (2014).