Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT07] Structure and dynamics of Earth and Planetary deep interiors

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Takashi Yoshino(Institute for Study of the Earth's Interior, Okayama University), Dapeng Zhao(Department of Geophysics, Tohoku University), Takashi Nakagawa(JAMSTEC/MAT)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SIT07-P03] Lattice thermal conductivity of bridgmanite at the lower mantle pressures

*Yoshiyuki Okuda1, Kenji Ohta1, Takashi Yagi2, Ryousuke Sinmyo3, Kei Hirose3 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Research Institute for Material and Chemical Measurment, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 3.Earth-Life Science Institute)

Keywords:thermal conductivity, lower mantle, bridgmanite

The amount of heat flow from the Earth's core to mantle critically determines the thermo-chemical evolution both of the core and the mantle. Bridgmanite, iron and aluminum bearing MgSiO3 perovskite, is the most abundant mineral in the Earth's lower mantle, and thus its thermal transport property controls heat transport in the lower mantle. Here we measured lattice thermal diffusivity of bridgmanite with chemical composition of Mg0.832Fe0.209Al0.060Si0.916O3 up to 39 GPa at 300 K using the pulsed light heating thermoreflectance technique in a diamond anvil cell. The results indicate that the lattice thermal conductivity of the bridgmanite sample is slightly lower than that of iron and aluminum free bridgmantie determined by using the same experimental technique (Ohta et al., 2012). Our result exhibit insignificant effect of iron and aluminum incorporation into bridgmanite on its thermal conductivity, which imply temperature variation in the lower mantle is only factor to induce heterogeneity of thermal conductivity and core heat flux there that could drive large scale dynamics both in the core and mantle.
Reference: Ohta, K. et al. Lattice thermal conductivity of MgSiO3 perovskite and post-perovskite at the core–mantle boundary. Earth Planet Sc Lett 349-350, 109–115 (2012).