Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT07] Structure and dynamics of Earth and Planetary deep interiors

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Takashi Yoshino(Institute for Study of the Earth's Interior, Okayama University), Dapeng Zhao(Department of Geophysics, Tohoku University), Takashi Nakagawa(JAMSTEC/MAT)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SIT07-P05] Sound velocity and density of liquid iron sulfide up to 600 GPa by laser-shock compression

Yushi Ogata1, *Tatsuhiro Sakaiya1, Tadashi Kondo1, Hidenori Terasaki1, Keisuke Shigemori2, Yoichiro Hironaka2 (1.Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 2.Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University)

Keywords:Sound velocity, Laser, Shock compression, Pyrrhotite, Earth's core

Sound velocity at Earth’s core conditions are one of the most important physical properties in Earth science because it can be directly compared with the seismological Earth model (PREM: Preliminary Reference Earth Model) [1]. The composition of solid inner core is estimated from the comparison of the model [1] and the extrapolation of sound velocities as a function of density of iron and iron alloys obtained by the static compression experiment [2, 3]. Birch’s law, a linear sound velocity−density relation [4], is used to extrapolate sound velocities to densities in the core condition. On the other hand, the composition of liquid outer core is estimated from the partitioning and solubility data in the inner core boundary condition for the composition of solid core. There has been some works for the sound velocity of iron and iron alloys on the Earth’s core condition by dynamic techniques using explosive [5], gas gun [5-9], and laser [10-12]. Huang et al. estimated that the outer core composition is Fe with 0.5 wt.% O and 9.5 wt.% S by the comparison of PREM and sound velocities of Fe-S-O system [9]. In this study, we measure the sound velocity and density of liquid iron sulfide by shock-compression method using high-power laser.
We conducted shock-compression experiments using a High Intensity Plasma Experimental Research (HIPER) system at the GEKKO-XII laser irradiation facility [10] at the Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University. The sample is pyrrhotite (Fe0.9S). The sound velocities and densities of shock-compressed pyrrhotite using the high-power laser were measured by x-ray radiography [10-12] at pressures up to 600 GPa.
Part of this work was performed under the joint research project of the Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University.

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