Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT08] Structure and Dynamics of Suboceanic Mantle: Theories and Observations

Tue. May 24, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 201A (2F)

Convener:*Jun Korenaga(Department of Geology and Geophysics, Yale University), Hitoshi Kawakatsu(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), James Gaherty(Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory), Kiyoshi Baba(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Chair:Hitoshi Kawakatsu(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), James B Gaherty(Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory)

1:45 PM - 2:00 PM

[SIT08-01] Toward the reconciliation of seismological and petrological perspectives on oceanic lithosphere heterogeneity

★Invited papers

*Kennett Brian2, Takashi Furumura1 (1.Earthquake Research Institute The University of Tokyo, 2.Research School of Earth Sciences The Australian National University)

Keywords:Oceanic Mantle, Heterogeneity, Scattering of seismic wave, Po/So phases

The character of the high-frequency seismic phases Po and So, observed after propagation for long distances in the oceanic lithosphere, requires the presence of scattering from complex structure in 3-D. Current models use stochastic representations of seismic structure in the oceanic lithosphere. The observations are compatible with quasi-laminate features with horizontal correlation length around 10 km and vertical correlation length 0.5 km, with a uniform level of about 2% variation through the full thickness of the lithosphere. Such structures are difficult to explain with petrological models, which would favor stronger heterogeneity at the base of the lithosphere associated with underplating from frozen melts. Petrological evidence mostly points to smaller-scale features than suggested by seismology. The models from the different fields have been derived independently, with various levels of simplification. Fortunately, it is possible to gently modify the seismological model toward stronger basal heterogeneity, but there remains a need for some quasi-laminate structure throughout the mantle component of the oceanic lithosphere. The new models help to bridge the gulf between the different viewpoints, but ambiguities remain.