5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[SIT08-P03] Anisotropy in the Northwest Pacific oceanic lithosphere inferred from Po/So waves
Keywords:Po/So waves, anisotropy, oceanic lithosphere
Seismological observations using Broad Band Ocean Bottom Seismometers (BBOBSs) were conducted in the Northwest Pacific from 2010 to 2014 as a part of the Normal Oceanic Mantle Project. During the experiments, high-quality Po/So waves were recorded from earthquakes in the subducting Pacific plate. We determined travel times of the Po/So waves using an auto-picking algorithm based on an AR model, and estimated the average velocities of the Po/So waves between sources and stations. The average velocities of the Po/So waves traveling in the Northwest Pacific show clear variations as a function of azimuth, as follows:
VPo = 8.25 + 0.20 cos2(x − 153),
VSo = 4.71 + 0.04 cos2(x − 159).
The magnitudes of the anisotropy for Po and So waves velocities are 2.4% and 0.8%, respectively, which are smaller than the results of previous studies for Pn and Sn waves [Shimamura, 1984; Shinohara et al., 2008]. The fast direction is parallel to the past spreading direction of oceanic crust as estimated from magnetic anomalies [Nakanishi et al., 1992], which is roughly consistent with the previous studies [Shimamura, 1984; Shinohara et al., 2008].
We investigate the mechanism of the azimuthal anisotropy of Po/So wave propagation, which should be relating to the generation and evolution of the oceanic lithosphere using a Finite Difference Method (FDM) simulation of seismic wave propagation. We compare observed and calculated Po/So waves, and discuss the mechanism of their azimuthal anisotropy.