Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT09] Hard-Rock Drilling: Oceanic Lithosphere to Continental Crust Formation

Mon. May 23, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM Convention Hall A (2F)

Convener:*Yoshihiko Tamura(R & D Center for Ocean Drilling Science, Japan Agency for Maine-Earth Science and Technology), Tomoaki Morishita(School of Natural System, Colleage of Science and Technology, Kanazawa University), Susanne Straub(Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia Univ., USA), Takashi Sano(Department of Geology and Paleontology, National Museum of Nature and Science), Susumu Umino(Department of Earth Sciences, Kanazawa University), Eiichi TAKAZAWA(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Katsuyoshi Michibayashi(Institute of Geosciences, Shizuoka University), Chair:Tomoaki Morishita(School of Natural System, Colleage of Science and Technology, Kanazawa University), Katsuyoshi Michibayashi(Institute of Geosciences, Shizuoka University)

10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

[SIT09-06] Lord Howe Rise Drilling: Deep stratigraphic record for the Cretaceous eastern Gondwana margin

★Invited papers

*Saneatsu Saito1, Ron Hackney2, Yasuhiro Yamada1, Kliti Grice3, Junichiro Kuroda1, Jessica Whiteside4, Marco Coolen3, Fumio Inagaki1, Richard Arculus5, Dietmar Müller6 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.Geoscience Australia, 3.Curtin University, 4.University of Southampton, 5.Australian National University, 6.University of Sydney)

Keywords:IODP, Lord Howe Rise, Chikyu, Cretaceous, Gondwana, Zealandia

The Lord Howe Rise (LHR) is an elongate ribbon of submerged and extended continental crust that separated from Australia during the Late Cretaceous. Current knowledge of the LHR is based only on widely-distributed marine and satellite geophysical data, limited dredge samples, and sparse shallow drilling into Cenozoic pelagic sediments. Building more detailed knowledge of LHR geology and the evolution of the eastern Gondwana margin requires drilling into rocks that record the tectonic and climatic history of the region.
Geoscience Australia and JAMSTEC are leading an international effort to promote an IODP project (871-CPP) to drill a deep stratigraphic hole through a LHR rift basin using D/V CHIKYU that will recover Cretaceous and older sediments and basement rocks. The objectives of this proposal are to: 1) define the role and importance of continental crustal ribbons, like the LHR, in plate tectonic cycles and continental evolution; 2) recover new high-latitude data in the southwest Pacific to better constrain Cretaceous paleoclimate and linked changes in ocean biogeochemistry; and 3) test fundamental evolutionary concepts for sub-seafloor microbial life over a 100-million-year timeframe.