Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT09] Hard-Rock Drilling: Oceanic Lithosphere to Continental Crust Formation

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Yoshihiko Tamura(R & D Center for Ocean Drilling Science, Japan Agency for Maine-Earth Science and Technology), Tomoaki Morishita(School of Natural System, Colleage of Science and Technology, Kanazawa University), Susanne Straub(Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia Univ., USA), Takashi Sano(Department of Geology and Paleontology, National Museum of Nature and Science), Susumu Umino(Department of Earth Sciences, Kanazawa University), Eiichi TAKAZAWA(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Katsuyoshi Michibayashi(Institute of Geosciences, Shizuoka University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SIT09-P08] Petrology and geochemistry of LREE-enriched fresh peridotite boulders from the basal part of the Fizh block, the northern Oman ophiolite

*Satoko Ishimaru1, Shoji Arai2 (1.Department of Earth and Environmental Science, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, 2.Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kanazawa University)

Keywords:fresh peridotite, incompatible trace elements, mantle metasomatism, Oman ophiolite

Oman ophiolite, showing a great exposure (~ 500 km long), is one of the most famous ophiolites in the world. Whole ophiolite sequence is well preserved and the emplacement age has been determined as Cretaceous, based on the K/Ar dating on hornblendes from underlying metamorphic-sole amphibolite (e.g., Searle & Cox, 2002). There have been reported island-arc related volcanic rocks mainly in the northern part of Oman ophiolite, and in the meanwhile, volcanic rocks comparable to typical N-MORB are dominant in the southern part of the Oman ophiolite (e.g., Alabaster et al., 1982). It is still debated that the Oman ophiolite is of mid-ocean ridge origin or of ridge axis on supra-subduction zone origin. Recently, highly depleted harzburgites have been reported in the northern Oman ophiolite (Kanke & Takazawa, 2004); they were interpreted as products of the secondary partial melting of residual harzburgites beneath the mid-ocean ridge, induced by H2O-induced flux during detachment and intra-oceanic thrusting.
We found quite hard and fresh (LOI < 1.0) peridotite boulders at the southern basal zone of the Fizh block (e.g., Wadi Hayl). The texture is variable (mylonitic, porphyroclastic, equigranular, and coarse protogranular) and some porphyroclastic samples contain highly deformed fine-grained zones. It is difficult to determine the modal proportion of minerals due to the presence of fine-grained zone, but we can judge that they are mostly harzburgites and subordinately lherzolites, based on petrography of coarse-grained part of the samples and their whole-rock major-element compositions (SiO2 = 43.5-46.4 wt.%, Al2O3 = 0.38-1.10 wt.%, and CaO = 0.49-1.68 wt.%). Chondrite-normalized (the values showing with subscript CN hereafter) whole-rock REE concentrations show LREE-enriched U-shaped patterns, and the (La/Sm)CN and (La/Yb)CN are variable: 3.5-10.3 and 2.0-11.0, respectively. These values are quite high relative to the reported harzburgites (0.02-0.11 and 0.44-0.70; Godard et al., 2000) and fertile lherzolite (0.09-0.11 and 0.04-0.06; Takazawa et al., 2001: 0.28-1.15 and 0.09-0.53; Khedr et al., 2014) from other localities of the Oman ophiolite. The U-shaped REE pattern of ophiolitic peridotites has been interpreted as a result of secondary processes, such as serpentinization, ocean-floor alteration, or contamination of crustal materials during ophiolite obduction (Gruau et al., 1998). Low LOI value (< 1.0) of our samples denies the contribution of serpentinization and alteration to their enrichment of LREE, and indicates possible metasomatic addition of LREE to the mantle tectonite during/before ophiolite obduction (at high-temperature stage).