Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT12] Tectonic processes on the incoming plate seaward of the trench: Inputs to subduction zones

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Makoto Yamano(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Tomoaki Morishita(School of Natural System, Colleage of Science and Technology, Kanazawa University), Gou Fujie(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Susanne Straub(Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia Univ., USA)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SIT12-P03] Bending-related topographic structures of the subducting Pacific plate in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean

★Invited papers

*Masao Nakanishi1 (1.Geosystem and Biosystem Sciences Division Graduate School of Science Chiba University)

Keywords:bending-related topographic structures, seafloor spreading fabric, Pacific Plate

Prolonged topographic structures associated with bending of the subducting Pacific plate along the trenches of the western margin were investigated using multibeam bathymetric data, accompanying reidentification of magnetic anomaly lineations on the Pacific plate to reveal controlling factors for strikes of bending-related topographic structures. The newly compiled bathymetric map demonstrates that most of bending-related topographic structures exist in the oceanward trench slopes within 100 km from trench axes. The bending-related topographic structures are developed parallel to the trench axis or inherited seafloor spreading fabric. Seafloor spreading fabric were reactivated instead of forming new trench parallel structures in the area where it strikes at an angle less than 30 to a trench axis. The topographic expression of bending-related structures is classified into two types according to whether new structures develop parallel to the trench axis or inherited seafloor spreading fabric reactivates. That of reactivated structures is characterized by half-graben or narrow ridge topography. That of newly formed structures is characterized by a horst and graben topography.