5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[SIT12-P09] Structural variation of the incoming Philippine Sea plate along the Nankai Trough off Shikoku
In 2014, we conducted the seismic refraction and reflection survey in the northern margin of the Shikoku Basin, where the Philippine Sea plate is subducting beneath the Eurasia plate at the Nankai Trough. We conducted a 360km long seismic profile about 50-60km seaward of the deformation front along the Nankai Trough. 35 OBSs were deployed along the profile with the interval of 10km. A tuned airgun array shot with a total volume of 7800 cu. in. every 200m. Moreover, high-resolution multichannel seismic reflection survey is conducted along the same profile by using a 192-channel, 1.2km-long hydrophone streamer and an airgun array of 380 cu. in. volume shot by every 37.5m.
In the time-migrated reflection section, variation in the configuration of the basement reflection can be recognized as the structural boundary off the cape Muroto. The result of first-arrival tomography based on the wide-angle OBS data shows dramatic change in P-wave velocity just beneath the basement corresponding with the structural boundary observed along the reflection section as mentioned above. The structural boundary may be related to the boundary of the plate age proposed by magnetic lineation [Okino, 2015]. From the northeast of the structural boundary, it seems that the undulation cycle of the basement configuration is remarkably similar to the cycle pattern of frequency distribution of tremor along the tremor belt-like zone beneath the Shikoku Island shown by Obara . Similar undulation cycle of the basement configuration is also recognized in the reflection section previously acquired along trough axis just landward of the seismic profile of this study. Such incoming Philippine Sea plate with the dramatic structural variation is subducting beneath the southwestern Japan, and may have the possibility of any effects on the occurrence of the low-frequency seismic phenomena.
We will show the structural variation in the Vp/Vs ratio that is a sensitive to the presence of fluid by using PS converted wave observed by OBSs.
This study is part of ‘Research project for compound disaster mitigation on the great, earthquakes and tsunamis around the Nankai Trough region’ funded by MEXT, Japan.