Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-MP Mineralogy & Petrology

[S-MP14] Supercontinents and Crustal Evolution

Tue. May 24, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A07 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Madhusoodhan Satish-Kumar(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Yasuhito Osanai(Division of Evolution of Earth Environments, Faculty of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University), Grantham Grantham(Geology Department, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.), Krishnan Sajeev(Centre for Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Science), Tomokazu Hokada(National Institute of Polar Research), Chair:Madhusoodhan Satish-Kumar(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Krishnan Sajeev(Centre for Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Science)

1:45 PM - 2:00 PM

[SMP14-01] Implications of Zn-Spinel + quartz association during high-grade metamorphic rocks of Trivandrum Block, southern India

*Krishnan Sajeev1 (1.Centre for Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Science)

Keywords:spinel+quartz, ultrahigh-temperature metamorphism, partial melting, Gondwana

Coexisting spinel+quartz in aluminous granulites often considered a robust indicator of ultrahigh-temperature metamorphism. Here we describe eleven spinel+quartz (the association notation cannot be used without being defined, in any case it is irrelevant in the abstract) assemblages from distinct microdomains in three closely associated migmatite samples from the Kerala khondalite belt within the Trivandrum Block of southern India. Whole-rock geochemical data indicate high-Zn (157.3, 109.1, 67.0 ppm) content in the spinel-bearing samples whereas this value is low (31.1 ppm) in spinel-absent samples. Spinel closest to the leucosome domain has an XMg [Mg/(Mg+Fe)] of 0.29-0.30 and shows the highest Zn contents (if you want to give these numbers, you must define the variable, as for XMg above, e.g., Zn/(Mg+Fe+Zn)). Spinel from the less migmatised is less rich in Mg XMg = 0.24-0.25 and Zn (XZn = 0.07-0.08). Isochemical phase diagram sections show that the Grt-Sil-Spl-Qtz-Ilm-melt assemblage is stable only at relatively low-temperatures (T ≈ 770-830 °C, P ≈ 4.5-6 kbar) while the low-Zn microdomain has a larger stability field of c. 769 to 950 °C at pressures between c. 4.5-6 kbar. Petrographic observations and thermodynamic modeling indicate the peak-metamorphic assemblage (Grt-Sil-Spl-Qtz-Ilm-melt) was stable over a wide range of P-T conditions, with peak metamorphism at around 920 °C at 5.5 kbar. From microstructural observations we infer a clockwise evolution trajectory for the UHT granulites in the Trivandrum block. Microstructurally-controlled, in-situ, EPMA-age dating of monazites from these rocks yields three age populations that correlate with the timings of prograde (c. 600 Ma), peak (c. 580 Ma) and retrograde (c. 520-500 Ma) metamorphism. These results demonstrate that low-Zn spinel in otherwise proven UHT rocks need not imply high-temperature conditions. This observation should motivate a re-evaluation of reports on natural Zn-bearing and absent spinel+quartz assemblages from high-grade terranes in the context of UHT metamorphism.