5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[SMP43-P01] Phase equilibrium modeling and P-T evolution of high-P/T Sambagawa Metamorphic rocks in Kanto Mountains, Central Japan
Keywords:Sambagawa metamorphic belt, Phase Equilibria Modering, Pelitic schist, Peak P-T conditions, Kanto mountains
The studied pelitic schist is dark grayish, very fine- to fine-grained, well foliated, and contains phengite, hematite, chlorite, biotite, epidote, garnet, quartz, and plagioclase. Plagioclase is porphyroblastic and occurs as spots. Phengite defines major foliation of the rock. Garnet is fine grained (less than 30 microns) and almandine-rich in composition. It’s spessartine component decreased from core to rim, showing normal zoning. Although biotite could be a stable assemblage, it was probably completely replaced by chlorite due to later hydration event. Metamorphic P-T evolution of the rocks was evaluated using THERIAK-DOMINO ver.16.10.2012 software based on the chemical system Na2O-CaO-K2O-FeO- MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-H2O-TiO2 (NCKFMASHT). The peak P-T condition of the rock was inferred from the stability field of the inferred peak assemblage (plagioclase + ilmenite + garnet + phengite + biotite + zoisite + quartz) as 580-630oC and 9-13 kbar, which is nearly consistent with the results of garnet-phengite geothermometry applied to the same sample. The event was followed by decompressional cooling toward a retrograde stage of 370-440oC and 1.4-5.5 kbar as inferred from a retrograde assemblage of plagioclase + ilmenite + chlorite + garnet + phengite + biotite + quartz. The peak condition is, however, about 100oC higher than the available P-T data of Fe-Mn rich nodule from the studied region (7-12 kbar and 460-540oC; Hirajima, 1995), but nearly consistent with the condition of Oligoclase-Biotite zone of the Sambagawa schists from Central Shikoku Island. The results of this study therefore suggest that the Sambagawa metamorphic belt in Kanto Mountains might have experienced a similar metamorphism with the belt in Shikoku. The Sambagawa metamorphic rocks in the two areas probably subducted to a similar depth and underwent similar high-pressure metamorphism.