Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS02] Frontier studies on subduction zone megathrust earthquakes and tsunamis

Tue. May 24, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM IC (2F)

Convener:*Kyuichi Kanagawa(Graduate School of Science, Chiba University), Demian Saffer(Department of Geosciences, The Pennsylvania State University, USA), Michael Strasser(University of Innsbruck), James Kirkpatrick(McGill University), Shuichi Kodaira(R&D Center for Earthquake and Tsunami Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Ryota Hino(Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Yasuhiro Yamada(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), R&D Center for Ocean Drilling Science (ODS)), Kohtaro Ujiie(Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Yoshihiro Ito(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Chair:Michael Strasser(University of Innsbruck), Yoshihiro Ito(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University)

3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

[SSS02-18] Foreshock activities before the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake

*Debebe Kifle Atnafu1, Ryota Hino1, Ryosuke Azuma1, Yusaku Ohta1, Masanao Shinohara2, Yoshihiro Ito3 (1.Recearch Center for Prediction of Earthquake and Volcanic Eruption, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 2.Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 3.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University)

Keywords:Foreshock events, Hypocenter relocation, Ocean Bottom Seismograph (OBS), Tohoku-Oki Earthquake

The 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake (Mw 9.0) was preceded by a series of evident foreshock activity for about a month. Kato et al. (2012) identified more than 1,000 earthquakes by applying a waveform correlation method to land-based seismic records and discussed the spatio-temporal development of the foreshock activity. They interpreted the foreshock migration in terms of the propagation of aseismic slip in the vicinity of the mainshock hypocenter to suggest relatively fast slip immediately after the largest foreshock (Mw 7.3), occurred two days before the mainshock promoted the rupture of M9 mainshock. Since their hypocenters were determined by only the land seismic data, they can be much improved by including the arrival time readings recorded by ocean bottom seismographs (OBSs) deployed around the foreshock activity area. Suzuki et al. (2012) relocated the hypocenters of foreshocks with a magnitude 2.0 or larger using the OBS data and showed the foreshock activity initiated at the trenchward end of the foreshock activity zone, ~ 30 km away from the M 7.3 foreshock epicenter. This demonstrates that the OBS data significantly improve the resolution of epicenter distribution especially in the dip direction of the seismogenic zone. In this study, we relocated the hypocenters of the foreshocks identified by Kato et al. (2012) by using the OBS arrival time data. We picked the arrival times by manual and 1385 hypocenters, out of 1416 events on the list of Kato et al. (2012), were relocated.