Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS02] Frontier studies on subduction zone megathrust earthquakes and tsunamis

Tue. May 24, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM IC (2F)

Convener:*Kyuichi Kanagawa(Graduate School of Science, Chiba University), Demian Saffer(Department of Geosciences, The Pennsylvania State University, USA), Michael Strasser(University of Innsbruck), James Kirkpatrick(McGill University), Shuichi Kodaira(R&D Center for Earthquake and Tsunami Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Ryota Hino(Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Yasuhiro Yamada(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), R&D Center for Ocean Drilling Science (ODS)), Kohtaro Ujiie(Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Yoshihiro Ito(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Chair:Michael Strasser(University of Innsbruck), Yoshihiro Ito(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University)

4:15 PM - 4:30 PM

[SSS02-21] Spatiotemporal changes in the b-value along the plate interface before and after the 2011 Tohoku earthquake constrained by ocean bottom seismic network: Post-Tohoku

*Yukihiro Nakatani1, Kimihiro Mochizuki1, Masanao Shinohara1, Tomoaki Yamada1, Hajime Shiobara1, Ryota Hino2, Ryosuke Azuma2, Yoshihiro Ito3, Yoshio Murai4, Toshinori Sato5, Kenji Uehira6, Takashi Shimbo6, Hiroshi Yakiwara7, Shuichi Kodaira8, Yuya Machida8, Kenji Hirata9, Hiroaki Tsushima9 (1.Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 2.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 3.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 4.Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, 5.Graduate School of Science, Chiba University, 6.National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, 7.Nansei-toko Observatory for Earthquakes and Volcanoes, Faculty of Science, Kagoshima University, 8.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 9.Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency)

Keywords:b-value, the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, OBS data, back projection

Changes in seismicity before and after the occurrence of megathrust earthquakes provide key information to better understanding the extension of its source area and the rupture propagation. In particular, it has been proposed that spatiotemporal variation of the b-value along the subduction zone megathrust reflects the interplate coupling [e.g., Ghosh et al., 2008, GRL]. In the case of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, a target of this study, several studies have already reported the spatiotemporal changes of the b-value within its source area. However, it still remains controversial, because of problems with existing catalogs in completeness of magnitude after the first few months of the main shock and accuracy of focal depths for offshore earthquakes.
Therefore, in this study, we analyze seismicity including small earthquakes along the plate interface using data from ocean bottom seismometers (OBSs) obtained during extensive seafloor aftershock observations [Shinohara et al., 2011, 2012] and recurrent OBS observations off Miyagi by Tohoku University. In order to automatically detect and locate interplate earthquakes, we applied a back projection method based on semblance analysis [Nakatani et al., 2015, GRL] to the data. In order to inspect validity of our method, we conducted three kinds of tests: synthetic tests, focal mechanism tests, and focal depth tests. We confirmed the validity of our method to evaluate seismicity along the plate interface. Also, we appropriately corrected event magnitudes determined by OBS records, which are, in general, overestimated due to large amplifications caused by seafloor sediments, by comparing with those listed in the JMA (Japan Meteorological Agency) catalog. Finally, we obtained an original earthquake catalog which shows an improvement in completeness of magnitude for interplate earthquakes. The resulted distribution of seismicity for the first three months after the main shock shows mutually complementary relationship between the active area of interplate aftershocks and the large coseismic slip zone. We also observe spatial variation of the b-value during the same observation period.
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the MEXT of Japan, under KAKENHI and contract researches.