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[SSS02-P06] Tsunami inversion for sea surface displacement from far-field DART data of the 2011 Tohoku tsunami
Keywords:tsunami, inversion, far-field, DART, Tohoku tsunami
Problems that prevented to use far-field tsunami data in inversion were travel time-delay and polarity reversal of tsunami waveforms recorded at far-field stations. However, Watada et al. (2014, JGR) proposed a phase correction method, which corrects the tsunami waveforms simulated by solving the linear shallow water equations into a dispersive waveform which accounts for the effects of elastic tsunami loadings on the Earth, compression of seawater, and gravitational potential change associated with tsunami propagation. With the phase correction method, we are able to use the waveforms recorded at far-field stations and attain more azimuthally complete result in waveform inversion.
We apply the phase correction method to synthetic linear long waves and use those phase-corrected far-field waveforms together with near-field waveforms in the inversion. We re-examined the result of 2011 Tohoku earthquake tsunami. Both single time window and multiple time window inversion are performed. The poor azimuthal coverage of near-field stations are replenished by far-field stations. Because the previous studies used abundant near-field (< 2 hour traveltime) data of 2011 Tohoku tsunami, effects of additional far-field stations is limited.
Fig. (a) Far-field stations (red dot) used in this research, reverse triangles are for near-field stations. (b) Inversion result of simultaneous movement after adding far-field stations.