Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS02] Frontier studies on subduction zone megathrust earthquakes and tsunamis

Tue. May 24, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Kyuichi Kanagawa(Graduate School of Science, Chiba University), Demian Saffer(Department of Geosciences, The Pennsylvania State University, USA), Michael Strasser(University of Innsbruck), James Kirkpatrick(McGill University), Shuichi Kodaira(R&D Center for Earthquake and Tsunami Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Ryota Hino(Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Yasuhiro Yamada(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), R&D Center for Ocean Drilling Science (ODS)), Kohtaro Ujiie(Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Yoshihiro Ito(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SSS02-P08] Evidence for a fluid-rich layer beneath the Nankai Trough megathrust fault off the Kii Peninsula inferred from receiver function inversion

*Takeshi Akuhara1, Kimihiro Mochizuki1 (1.Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo)

Keywords:subduction zone, receiver function

Exploring fluid distribution on megathrust faults is an important issue, since the fluid affects frictional property and thus slip behaviors on the faults. Scattered teleseismic phases, or receiver functions (RFs), have made significant contributions to understand the fluid content of the subducting plates. Most recently, we developed a technique to compute RFs using data from ocean-bottom seismometers (OBSs) with the removal of the water reverberations and produced RF image beneath the offshore region around the Kii Peninsula [Akuhara and Mochizuki, 2015, JGR]. The image roughly suggests that a low-velocity zone (LVZ) exists along the plate interface beneath the offshore region, at seismogenic zone depth.
In this study, we conducted RF inversion analysis to assess the property of the LVZ quantitatively. We employed relatively high-frequency range (<4 Hz) for the analysis to separate P-to-S conversion phases (our targets) from sediment-related reverberations. The inversion analysis aimed to determine 1-D velocity structures beneath each OBS deployed around the Kii Peninsula which can well explain observed RFs. This optimization was realized by neighborhood algorithm [Sambridge, 1999].
The results elucidate the presence of thin low-velocity zone (LVZ) beneath, or along, the plate interface. Its average thickness among the sites is 2 km, and the P- and S-wave velocities are 3 and 2 km/s, respectively. We consider that this LVZ reflects incoming sediment layer, the upper part of the oceanic crust, or the combination of the both. In any case, fluid-rich property is strongly expected from the extremely low velocities. So far, we conducted the inversion analysis at only 5 sites out of whole 32 sites within our OBS network. We still see, however, the systematic spatial change in the LVZ properties: both thickness and velocities of the LVZ tend to decrease toward the rupture area boundary between the 1944 Tonankai and 1946 Nankai earthquake. Further investigation into the other sites may offer more insight into how fluid controls slip behavior of megathrust earthquakes.