5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[SSS02-P08] Evidence for a fluid-rich layer beneath the Nankai Trough megathrust fault off the Kii Peninsula inferred from receiver function inversion
Keywords:subduction zone, receiver function
In this study, we conducted RF inversion analysis to assess the property of the LVZ quantitatively. We employed relatively high-frequency range (<4 Hz) for the analysis to separate P-to-S conversion phases (our targets) from sediment-related reverberations. The inversion analysis aimed to determine 1-D velocity structures beneath each OBS deployed around the Kii Peninsula which can well explain observed RFs. This optimization was realized by neighborhood algorithm [Sambridge, 1999].
The results elucidate the presence of thin low-velocity zone (LVZ) beneath, or along, the plate interface. Its average thickness among the sites is 2 km, and the P- and S-wave velocities are 3 and 2 km/s, respectively. We consider that this LVZ reflects incoming sediment layer, the upper part of the oceanic crust, or the combination of the both. In any case, fluid-rich property is strongly expected from the extremely low velocities. So far, we conducted the inversion analysis at only 5 sites out of whole 32 sites within our OBS network. We still see, however, the systematic spatial change in the LVZ properties: both thickness and velocities of the LVZ tend to decrease toward the rupture area boundary between the 1944 Tonankai and 1946 Nankai earthquake. Further investigation into the other sites may offer more insight into how fluid controls slip behavior of megathrust earthquakes.