5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[SSS02-P15] Frictional properties of the Northern Shimanto Belt rocks at a seismogenic pressure and temperature condition
Keywords:friction, Northern Shimanto Belt, seismogenic condition
Friction experiments of tested samples revealed that the steady-state friction coefficient (µss) decreases with increasing content of total clay minerals, except for the Nonokawa sandstone with a relatively high µss of 0.62 in spite of its moderate content of total clay minerals. µss at Vaxial = 1 µm/s is 0.65 for the Yokonami mélange chert, 0.63 for the Kure mélange basalt, 0.52 for the Yokonami mélange mudstone, 0.50 for the Nonokawa sandstone, and 0.37 for the Nonokawa mudstone. The Yokonami mélange chert without clay minerals and the Nonokawa mudstone with 32.9 wt% clay minerals exhibited an increase in µss when Vaxial was increased and vice versa, i.e., velocity strengthening. Microstructures of these samples after experiments show that deformation is distributed within the gouge layer. In contrast, other samples with 1.9–16.3 wt% clay minerals exhibited a decrease in µss when Vaxial was increased and vice versa, i.e., velocity weakening. Microstructures of these samples after experiments show that deformation is localized along a continuous slip surface. Experimental conditions suggest that dissolution–precipitation processes are possibly responsible for such change in velocity dependence of friction according to the content of clay minerals.
Our results suggest that seismogenic faulting would occur in rocks with 2–20 wt% clay minerals, but not in rocks without or rich in clay minerals, provided that other conditions are the same.