5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[SSS02-P18] The thermal structure and formation process of faults in Akehama area of the Northern Shimanto Belt, western Shikoku, Japan
Keywords:Subduction zone, Northern Shimanto Belt, Vitrinite reflectance, Paleostress analysis, Oblique-slip faults
In the study area, the fault zones are developed in coherent unit comprised of sandstone, mudstone and alternations of sandstone/mudstone. The fault zones typically has a cataclasite zone of a few to tens of cm and fracture zone of a few tens to hundred of cm in width. On the other hand, soft-sediment deformations are rarely found. These faults strike east–west and dip to north, and the average rake angle of the striations are 32 ° from west. Kinematic indicators such as composite planar fabrics or slickenside topography show dextral sense of shear with reverse-slip component. Using the fault-slip data obtained in the area, we conducted a stress tensor inversion to estimate paleostress directions. The result indicates NW–SE direction for the maximum principal stress, σ1, and NE–SW direction for the minimum principal stress, σ3. σ1 axes gently to moderately plunge whereas σ3 axes generally shows subhorizontal. Although those faults has reverse-slip component, the vitrinite reflectance does not show significant difference across the fault zones (ΔRm = 0.18% in maximum). The absence of thermal gap across the thrust fault suggests that the faulting proceeded prior to the formation of thermal structure, which may be conducted during subduction. We thus conclude that the fault zones were developed at the relatively early stage of the subduction (frontal to middle part of the accretionary prism). Our results suggest that the oblique-slip fault (non-andersonian fault) was formed during the early to middle stage of the subduction. This finding might become important when we look at ongoing subduction process through ocean drilling programs.
We thank Arito Sakaguchi (Yamaguchi Univ.) and Makoto Otsubo (AIST) for kind cooperations on the vitrinite reflectance measurement and the paleostress analysis.