Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS03] New frontiers in earthquake statistics, physics-based earthquake forecasting, and earthquake model testing

Wed. May 25, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 106 (1F)

Convener:*Hiroshi Tsuruoka(Earthquake Research Institute, Tokyo Univ.), Naoshi Hirata(Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo), Danijel Schorlemmer(GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences), Matt Gerstenberger(GNS Science), Chair:Danijel Schorlemmer(GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences), Dahmen A Karin(Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign)

3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

[SSS03-07] Universal slip statistics: from nanopillars to earthquakes

★Invited papers

*Dahmen A Karin1, Danijel Schorlemmer2 (1.Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 2.German Research Centre for Geosciences, Telegrafenberg, 14473 Potsdam, Germany)

Keywords:Earthquakes, Statistics, Universality, Seismology, Experiments, Scaling

The deformation of many solid materials is not continuous, but discrete and jerky, with sudden, intermittent slips, similar to earthquakes. We discuss a simple model thatpredicts that the statistical distributions of the slips should be universal, i.e. they should be the same for many different materials, spanning a wide range of scales, from nanometer-sized crystalline pillars to earthquake faults that are a hundred kilometers long. We show a comparison of the model predictions to recent experiments on many different materials,
ranging from nanocrystals, to bulk metallic glasses, to granular materials, to earthquakes and find good agreement with the model predictions. Tools from the theory of phase transition, such as the renormalization group can be used to explain the wide applicability of the simple model. The study provides intuition and a unified framework to understand the fundamental properties of shear-induced deformation in systems ranging from nanocrystals to earthquakes. It also provides many new predictions for future experiments, observations, and simulations. The results can be used for materials testing, evaluation, and hazard prevention.
Jonathan T. Uhl, Shivesh Pathak, Danijel Schorlemmer, Xin Liu, Ryan Swindeman, Braden A.W. Brinkman,, Michael LeBlanc, Georgios Tsekenis, Nir Friedman, Robert Behringer, Dmitry Denisov, Peter Schall, Xiaojun Gu, Wendelin J. Wright, Todd Hufnagel, Andrew Jennings, Julia R. Greer, P.K. Liaw, Thorsten Becker, Georg Dresen, and Karin A. Dahmen, Universal Quake Statistics: From Compressed Nanocrystals to Earthquakes, Scientific Reports 5, 16493 (2015)