Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS03] New frontiers in earthquake statistics, physics-based earthquake forecasting, and earthquake model testing

Wed. May 25, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Hiroshi Tsuruoka(Earthquake Research Institute, Tokyo Univ.), Naoshi Hirata(Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo), Danijel Schorlemmer(GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences), Matt Gerstenberger(GNS Science)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SSS03-P01] Prospectively Evaluating the Collaboratory for the Study of Earthquake Predictability: An Evaluation of the UCERF2 and Updated Five-Year RELM Forecasts

*Anne Elizabeth Strader1, Max Schneider2,1, Danijel Schorlemmer1, Maria Liukis3 (1.GFZ Potsdam, 2.Universität Potsdam, 3.USC)

Keywords:forecast, likelihood, statistical seismology

The Collaboratory for the Study of Earthquake Predictability (CSEP) was developed to rigorously test earthquake
forecasts retrospectively and prospectively through reproducible, completely transparent experiments within a con-
trolled environment (Zechar et al., 2010). During 2006-2011, thirteen five-year time-invariant prospective earth-
quake mainshock forecasts developed by the Regional Earthquake Likelihood Models (RELM) working group
were evaluated through the CSEP testing center (Schorlemmer and Gerstenberger, 2007). The number, spatial, and
magnitude components of the forecasts were compared to the respective observed seismicity components using a
set of consistency tests (Schorlemmer et al., 2007, Zechar et al., 2010). In the initial experiment, all but three fore-
cast models passed every test at the 95% significance level, with all forecasts displaying consistent log-likelihoods
(L-test) and magnitude distributions (M-test) with the observed seismicity. In the ten-year RELM experiment up-
date, we reevaluate these earthquake forecasts over an eight-year period from 2008-2016, to determine the consis-
tency of previous likelihood testing results over longer time intervals. Additionally, we test the Uniform California
Earthquake Rupture Forecast (UCERF2), developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), and the earthquake
rate model developed by the California Geological Survey (CGS) and the USGS for the National Seismic Haz-
ard Mapping Program (NSHMP) against the RELM forecasts. Both the UCERF2 and NSHMP forecasts pass all
consistency tests, though the Helmstetter et al. (2007) and Shen et al. (2007) models exhibit greater information
gain per earthquake according to the T- and W- tests (Rhoades et al., 2011). Though all but three RELM forecasts
pass the spatial likelihood test (S-test), multiple forecasts fail the M-test due to overprediction of the number of
earthquakes during the target period. Though there is no significant difference between the UCERF2 and NSHMP
models, residual scores show that the NSHMP model is preferred in locations with earthquake occurrence, due to
the lower seismicity rates forecasted by the UCERF2 model.