Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS25] Strong Ground Motion and Earthquake Disaster

Tue. May 24, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Seiji Tsuno(Railway Technical Research Institute)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SSS25-P13] A New Attenuation Relationship for Velocity Response Spectra at the surface

*Akemi Noda1, Ritsuko S. Matsu'ura2, Mitsuko Furumura2, Hiroto Tanaka1, Tsutomu Takahama1 (1.Kozo Keikaku Engineering Inc., 2.Earthquake Earthquake Research Center, Association for the Development of Earthquake Prediction)

Keywords:Attenuation relationships of Velocity Response Spectra, Upper limit of the effective plate depth at a site, Selection by AIC, linear inversion method with cubic B-spline expansion

We integrated the attenuation relationships proposed by Matsu’ura et al.(2011) to be able to predict the velocity response spectrum for an arbitrary source at an arbitrary site in wide range of distance and period. We divided data into three groups of source types as follows: inter-plate, intra-plate, and very shallow earthquakes. In order to determine parameters at once, we expand each parameter by cubic B-splines, as Yabuki and Matsu’ura(1992) did, and transform the problem to be solved in a linear inversion. We also introduce the upper limit of the plate depth at a site to be considered, such as 250km for PAC slab, by comparing AICs for various limit depth and various types of formulae.
Svij is the velocity spectrum at the i-th site of hypocentral distance DELTAij, where the depth of subducting slab is depi, due to the j-th earthquake of Mwj with the residual of eij. For inter-, and intra-plate earthquakes, the relation is the form of Eq. (1), while for very shallow earthquakes, Eq. (2) is the form. Here, t is the period.

log Svij(Mwj, DELTAij, depi, t)= Mwj Aw(t) +Ac(t)-Beta(t)log(DELTAij)-d(t)depi+eij(t) Eq.(1)

log Svij(Mwj, DELTAij, t)= Mwj Aw(t)+Ac(t)-b(t)DELTAij-Beta(t)log(DELTAij)+eij(t) Eq.(2)

In Eq. (1), the term with the coefficient b(t), which is always contained in conventional engineering formulae of the attenuation relationship for response spectra, is omitted. We found: 1) the term with b(t) in Eq. (2) works to represent the plateau shape of spectra in very small DELTA, especially in short period. 2) The coefficient Beta(t), which we introduced, works well alone to fit data of inter- and intra-plate earthquakes without b(t), since data with very small DELTA are rare for those types of earthquakes in Japan. 3) Even in Eq. (2), b(t) is nearly zero for periods over about 2sec. 4) The coefficient d(t) in Eq. (1), which is usually believed to represent the effect of High-Q and High-V subducting slab, is even effective to represent the effects from large scale of geological structure differences in Japanese crust, such as rather low Q features of western part of the northeastern Japan, and the attenuation discrepancy between the east and west of the Hida mountains.
The site response eij(t) is almost independent of the source types, Mwj, and DELTAij, i.e. nearly equal to ei(t). It was empirically confirmed that ei(t) can be replaced by H/V spectral ratio obtained from the observed micro-tremors. Eqs. (1) and (2) can be used to calculate velocity spectra at any site for any expected sources without knowing AVS30 or geotechnical classification of that site.
This study was done by the trust from Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.