3:30 PM - 3:55 PM
[SSS27-06] Frictional properties of materials along Tohoku subduction plate boundaries and implications for fault motion
Blueschist gouges show a positive (a-b) values at 22oC which decrease to become negative with increasing temperature. At 200oC, the behavior is velocity weakening and shows negative (a-b) values. At 300ºC, the gouges show neutral to positive values of (a-b), showing larger (a-b) values than at 200ºC. (a-b) values slightly decrease again at 400oC. There is also effective normal stress dependence. The gouges exhibit a transition from velocity-strengthening to velocity-weakening with decreasing effective normal stress. Observed (a-b) values decrease with decreasing effective normal stress because of an increase in b with decreasing effective normal stress. Our results suggest that increasing pore pressure is a key factor for nucleating slip leading to both megathrust and slow earthquakes.
In the case of Smectite-rich pelagic sediments, the simulated gouges show negative values of (a-b) at low temperatures of 20-50oC, except at the highest slip rate of 0.1 mm/s, and neutral or slightly negative values of (a-b) at temperatures of 50-100oC. However, at temperature of >150oC the gouges show positive values of (a-b) under almost all velocity conditions tested. The trend of (a-b) seems to be identical with that of a, and b shows an inverse relationship with (a-b). Slow slip events are considered to be able to nucleate under conditions where (a-b) value is negative but close to zero. These conditions are met at temperatures of 50-100oC in our experiments, which is consistent with temperature conditions under which slow slip events occur along the plate boundary at the Japan Trench. The frictional properties of the pelagic sediments explain well the observed distributions of slow slip events in Tohoku subduction zone.