5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[SSS27-P03] Depth-dependent periodic change in the interplate coupling at NE Japan inferred from spatial gradient of velocity field
Keywords:Interplate coupling, GPS, Northeast Japan, Slow slip event, mega-thrust earthquake, The 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku earthquake
Uchida et al.  revealed that the interplate coupling between the subducting Pacific and overriding continental plates at the northeast Japan subduction zone periodically changes with the repeat intervals from 1 to 6 years based on the analyses of the small repeating earthquakes and of surface displacement rate field. They applied a geodetic data processing for monitoring the spatio-temporal variation of interplate coupling with calculating the spatial gradient of the surface horizontal velocity field within belt-like zones that are taken along the direction perpendicular to the trench axis. Temporal change in the interplate coupling is detected with shifting the one-year time window in which the surface velocity field is estimated by one week, and spatial variation along the trench-parallel direction is deduced with shifting the latitude of the belt-like zone whose width is 60 km by 0.1 degree. They suggested that the gradient of the horizontal surface velocity depends mainly on the strength of the interplate coupling in shallow portion of the offshore plate interface, while it is still difficult to resolve the distribution of coupling zone on the plate interface and to estimate the temporal change in the degree of coupling in a quantitative manner.
The results of Uchida et al.  with respect to the small repeating earthquakes implies that the spatial variation of repeating period of the slow slip on the plate interface depends on the depth, that is, the slow slip occurs with shorter recurrence interval at the deep portion than that at the shallow portion along each profile perpendicular to the trench. In this study, I examined the depth dependency of the repeating period of the slow slip on the plate interface by comparing the predominant periods of the temporal changes in the horizontal and vertical gradients of surface velocity field. Iinuma et al. [2010, 114th Meeting of the Geodetic Society of Japan] revealed that the sign of the vertical velocity gradient indicates the presence or absence of interplate coupling at deeper (>50 km) regions of the plate interface beneath the land. It means that the spatial gradient of the vertical velocity field is sensitive to the change in the interplate coupling at the deep portion, while the horizontal component is sensitive to the interplate coupling change at the shallow portion. The result of the examination shows that the predominant period of the temporal change in the vertical velocity gradient is shorter than that in the horizontal component at the most profiles. I will performing comprehensive numerical tests to examine the sensitivities of the spatial gradients of horizontal and vertical velocity fields to the interplate coupling at various depth ranges, and report the quantitative evaluation of the depth dependency of the cycle of the periodic change in the interplate coupling.