2:45 PM - 3:00 PM
[SSS31-17] Surface rupture and coseismic deformation associated with the 2014 Nagano-ken-hokubu earthquake revealed from differential LiDAR analysis
Keywords:the 22 November 2014 Nagano-ken-hokubu earthquake, Itoigawa-Shizuoka Tectonic Line, Kamishiro fault, surface rupture, LiDAR
The data sets we used for the analyses are 1 m mesh DTM (Digital Terrain Model) data measured in 2009 (pre-event), 2014 (5 days later from the event), and 2015 (about 1 year later from the event). We applied the particle image velocimetry method to obtain 3-D vectors of coseismic deformation (Mukoyama, 2011). The precision of this method is ~0.1 m.
The result shows a clear contrast of vertical displacements and horizontal vector directions between hanging wall and foot wall sides. The locations of these contrasts are corresponding with our field observations (Okada et al., 2015; Ishimura et al., 2015) and let us know missed surface ruptures. From these results, we confirmed the surface ruptures composing of two or three bow-shaped traces. Vertical displacements at some points are larger than the field measurements, indicating underestimates at the field due to wide warping zone. Horizontal displacement was detected at the extending part of the surface rupture, corresponding with InSAR results.
This study was carried out as a part of “Additional surveys of the comprehensive study of the Itoigawa-Shizuoka Tectonic Line active fault system, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)”.