11:30 AM - 11:45 AM
[STT51-04] Seafloor Observation Network for Earthquakes and Tsunamis along the Japan Trench (S-net) - System of landing station part -
Keywords:Seafloor Observation Network for Earthquakes and Tsunamis along the Japan Trench (S-net)
We have constructed five landing stations; Minamiboso station in Minamiboso City, Chiba Pref., Kashima station in Kashima City, Ibaraki Pref., Watari station in Watari Town, Miyagi Pref., Miyako station in Miyako City, Iwate Pref., and Hachinohe station in Hachinohe City, Aomori Pref.. The Watari station is located on the third floor of reinforced concrete building, and other stations are container-type data centers.
In the landing station, there are a high voltage receiving transformer equipment, an emergency diesel generator with a tank which can store fuel for one week, uninterruptible power supplies (UPSs), a power feed equipment (PFE) that supplies constant DC current (1.1 A) to a submarine cable and observation units, optical receiver transmission equipment, optical wavelength division multiplexing equipment (WDM), GPS clocks, data conversion servers, data transmission servers, supervisory equipment, and so on.
In each earthquake and tsunami observatory under sea water, there installed two sets of three component servo accelerometers, a set of three component velocity seismometers (analog outputs), and two quartz type depth sensors and a set of three-component quartz type accelerometers (frequency outputs). These data are transmitted to the landing stations as the digital data which synchronized to a GPS clock signal supplied from the landing station. The data of frequency outputs are frequency count values at sampling frequency of 8 kHz, and these of analog outputs are digitized values by 24 bits AD converter at sampling frequency of 1 kHz. Data conversion servers at the landing station receive these data. The 8 kHz frequency count data are converted into physical value data of 100 Hz (acceleration) or 10 Hz (water pressure and temperature), and these physical data are delivered to data transmission servers. The 1 kHz digitized analog data are converted into 100 Hz data by decimation filter, and delivered to data transmission servers.
The data received by data transmission servers will be transmit to Tsukuba data center, Tokyo backup data center, Japan Metrological Agency (JMA), and related institutions via two control center using an IP-VPN network.