Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-TT Technology & Techniques

[S-TT54] Synthetic Aperture Radar

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Yosuke Miyagi(National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention), Tsutomu Yamanokuchi(Remote Sensing Technology Center of JAPAN), Yu Morishita(Geospatial Information Authority of Japan)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[STT54-P02] Observations and Interpretations of Two Mountain Glaciers on the Eastern slope of Mt. Tsurugi by Pi-SAR2 airborne SAR

*Masato Furuya1, Kotaro FUKUI2, Shoichiro Kojima3, Takeshi Matsuoka3 (1.Department of Natural History Sciences Hokkaido University, 2.Tateyama Caldera Sabo Museum, 3.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology)

Keywords:Mt. Tsurugi, Sannomado glacier, Komado glacier, Pi-SAR2, Polarimetric SAR

We have performed airborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) measurements at two glaciers near Mt. Tsurugi, Japan, in August, October 2013, August 2014, and March 2015. The Pi-SAR2 system used in this study consists of two X-band SAR antennas, and allows us to perform single-pass interferometry. Also, the Pi-SAR2 allows us to perform full polarimetry with the maximum spatial resolution of 0.3 m.
Differecing the digital elevation models (DEM) at multiple epochs, it turns out that the differences between August and October 2013 reache ~10 to 20 meters with errors of 5-10 meters, which would mostly represent the seasonal changes in snow thickness.
Full-polarimetric observation results indicated significant intensity in the HV channel over the glacier areas even in the summer seasons. The significant signals in the HV channel were unexpected, because we tend to attribute the HV signals to volume scattering processes. The Pi-SAR2 is an X-band radar, and we cannot expect significant penetration over the snow/ice areas. We suggest another likely interpretation on the apparent HV signals over the glaciated areas.