Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC46] Mitigation of Volcanic disaster - Basic and applied research

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto(Mount Fuji Research Institute, Yamanashi Prefectural Government), Kazutaka Mannen(Hot Springs Research Institute of Kanagawa Prefecture), Shinji Takarada(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Hisashi Sasaki(Asia Air Survey Co., Ltd.)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SVC46-P07] Development of a method for estimating the weight of volcanic ash deposits using image analysis

*Kae Tsunematsu1, Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto1, Kenji Niihori2, Masato Iguchi3, Setsuya Nakada4 (1.Mount Fuji Research Institute, 2.Non Profit Organization VOLCANO, 3.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 4.Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Image Analysis, Volcanic Ash

There are many volcanoes in Japan and several of them erupt each year. Mostly, these eruptions are small and it is difficult to arrive at the area in time to collect samples because most of the eruptions are unpredictable. When the volcanoes erupt explosively, pyroclasts are emitted into the air, and the small particles are especially damaging to the lives of the people. To reduce this damage, it is necessary to obtain data related to volcanic ash (i.e. the thickness of volcanic ash deposits and grain-size distribution), and produce an action plan quickly. Currently, we collect samples by distributing sampling boxes manually on the ground when the volcanoes erupt. This method requires a lot of time and human resources. Therefore, we aim to develop a method of collecting ash deposit data by taking photos and analyzing them. At first, we started field work in Sakurajima volcano in order to develop a more efficient system. With this field work, we considered what the proper material and color of ash-receiving sheets should be, and how to control the amount of light. As a result, the problems inherent was revealed in taking photos of volcanic ash. Then, through laboratory experiments with artificial ash-fall deposits on the sheets, we obtained results showing a certain relationship between the grain-size of volcanic ashes and the weight per unit area regardless of the volcano of origin.