Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC47] Active volcanism

Tue. May 24, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Convention Hall B (2F)

Convener:*Yosuke Aoki(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Yuta Maeda(Nagoya University), Chair:Hiroshi Shinohara(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Takeshi Tameguri(Sakurajima Volcano Research Center,Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University)

3:45 PM - 4:00 PM

[SVC47-08] Failed eruption observed by seismic arrays during the Sakujirama volcano activity on Aug. 15, 2015.

*Eisuke Fujita1, Hideki Ueda1, Taku Ozawa1, Yosuke Miyagi1, Takahiro Miwa1, Ryohei Kawaguchi1 (1.National research Instituite for Earth science and Disaster prevention, Volcanic research department)

Keywords:Sakurajima, magma intrusion, VT earthquakes

NIED conducts seismic array obervation at two sites (north of Kitadake and Kurokami) in Sakurajima volcano from March 2015. Each array consists of nine 1Hz seismometers and 1 infrasonic sensor with 200Hz data loggers. We analyzed seismic data observed during the failed eruption on Aug. 15, 2015. The observed waveforms have significant characteristics as below: 1) P-arrival times at Kitadake-array leads 0.2s to those at Kurokami-array around 7:00. At 6:00 seismic signal is clear at Kitadake-array but not at Kuromami-array. 2) Rough estimates of epicenters are around east of Minamidake-Nakadake. 3) Waveforms at all stations of Kitadake-array are coherent, but at Kurokami-array, seismic stations at east of Nabeyama and others show different features. 4) Waveforms in 12:00 have lower frequency components. 6) LP vents have precursory high freuqency noises.
Temporal change of cross-correlation factors of these seismic waveforms indicate that there are three different periods, i.e., A: 6:00 - 10:30, B: 10:30 - 12:00, and C: 12:00 - 24:00. There are no familiy waves between these three periods. In A period, many family earthquakes were observed but not in B period. During C period, some pairs separated as long as hours have high cross-correlation factors. It is implicated that, in the A period, some similar fault slip occurred successively in the inital phase of dike intrusion, in the B period, VT events may suggest random fractures, and there occured some similar slips all around the intruded dike in the C period.