Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC47] Active volcanism

Tue. May 24, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Yosuke Aoki(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Yuta Maeda(Nagoya University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SVC47-P18] Water quality characteristics of Lake Nyos, Cameroon

*Muga Yaguchi1, Mumbfu E Mimba1, Ajiro Takuya1, Takeshi Ohba1, Gregory Tanyileke2, Joseph V Hell2 (1.Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Tokai University, 2.IRGM, Cameroon)

Keywords:Cameroon, Nyos, Crater lake, Limnic eruption, Water quality

In 1986, Lake Nyos in Cameroon released a large amount of CO2 and killed more than 1700 residents. Subsequent investigation revealed that the CO2 is originated in degassing magma and is ascending from the bottom of the lake with thermal water (e.g., Kusakabe et al., 1989; Ohba et al. 2012). Although controlled degassing started at Lake Nyos in 2001 and have resulted in reducing CO2 content of the lake (e.g., Kusakabe et al. 2008), investigations regarding chemical components except CO2 content is also important to ensure gas disaster prevention.
In this study, chemical compositions of the water samples collected from various depths in the lake Nyos and volcanic rocks collected from lake rim were analyzed. TDS of the lake increases with depth. The ionic dominance pattern for cations is Fe2+ > Mg2+ > Ca2+ > Na+ > K+ at the bottom of the lake, whereas the anion is dominated mainly by HCO3- with only a very small amount of Cl- and SO42-. Except for HCO3- derived from CO2, whose origin has already been described, the concentration of dissolved components are 40 ~ 380 mg/L and Na/(Na+Ca) weight ratios are about 0.3 ~ 0.4, indicating that the water quality of the lake is affected by water-rock interaction. Good correlation was observed between chemical compositions of lake water and whole-rock compositions of the rock samples, supporting this inference. Assuming that the chemical components of the lake water are derived from rock dissolution, the solubility of the elements seem to be basically controlled by the ionic potential (Z/r), elution rate of elements of large Z/r (e.g., Al, Ti and Cr) were small compared to elements of small Z/r (e.g., Na, K, Ca, Mg, and Mn). Additional study in consideration of pH condition and equilibrium state of minerals is important to determine the water-rock interaction processes that affect the water quality.