Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol U (Union) » Union

[U-06] Large-scale Research Projects: Master Plan 2017 and its beyond

Tue. May 24, 2016 3:30 PM - 4:55 PM 102 (1F)

Convener:*Shuhei Okubo(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Ryoichi Fujii(Nagoya University), Hiroko Nagahara(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Toshitaka Tsuda(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere), Gaku Kimura(Department of Earth and Planetary Science of the Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Chair:Shuhei Okubo(Earthquake Research Institute,The University of Tokyo.)

4:09 PM - 4:22 PM

[U06-12] Frontier of Polar Science - Study on Global Environmental Change through Development of the Antarctic and Arctic Observations -

★Invited papers

*Takuji Nakamura1, Kazuyuki Shiraishi1, Atsuko Sugimoto2, Shin Sugiyama3 (1.National Institute of Polar Research, 2.Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, 3.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:Polar Science, Antarctic , Arctic

This plan proposes installation of a platform in the polar region in order to contribute to the understanding the global environmental change by providing invaluable information from the Antarctic and the Arctic region. Recently the global environmental change is of great interest for the governments and general public, as well as scientists on the earth and planets. The Arctic and the Antarctic regions significantly affect global environment and also provide invaluable information on its variation. In the Arctic region, for example, temperature increase due to the global warming is the largest on the globe. The climate change is most significantly emerging which causes change of ecology, human economic activity and life. On the other hand, very little is known on the response of the huge Antarctic ice sheet to the global warming, and hence a possible change in Antarctica on a global scale and its prediction are of greatest interest. Variations in the polar regions are not independent but connected through ocean and atmosphere circulations, and therefore it is necessary to consider them to be one unified system. Moreover, the Arctic and Antarctic regions are the best observation and/or investigation field for space/planetary sciences, atmospheric/hydrospheric sciences, and solid earth sciences, indicating that the polar regions are important windows for earth and planetary sciences.