Tue. May 22, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM
301A (3F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)
convener:Kazuhito Ichii(Chiba University), Prabir Patra(Research Institute for Global Change, JAMSTEC), Toshinobu Machida(国立環境研究所, 共同), David Crisp(Jet Propulsion Laboratory), Chairperson:Ichii Kazuhito, Patra Prabir, Machida Toshinobu
The Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is a landmark agreement in the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in December 2016, which aims at reduction of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emission for keeping the global warming below 2 degC. The national commitments and progresses should be carefully monitored and verified by international bodies.
In recent years, the number of observational platforms for monitoring atmospheric GHGs and air pollution species is increasing. National or regional emission inventories have also been prepared at greater resolution in space and time using different methodologies. However, due to uncertainties in modeling and sparse observation network, high uncertainty persists in global and regional sources/sinks estimations, particularly for CO2.
Developing integrated observation and analysis systems for GHGs are the most urgent tasks. Atmospheric transport models, inverse models, and process-based bottom-up models should be tested and improved. The "top-down" (with inverse models) and "bottom-up" (with surface flux/emission network data and ground-based models) estimations have to be reconciled for gaining confidence in verifying the national commitments.
The purpose of the session is to discuss state-of-the-art techniques for estimations of surface budget of GHGs and air pollutants. Ideally, these results would allow us to detect changes at an early stage under the changing climate and human activity, and to disseminate scientific knowledge for mitigation policies in a timely manner. Improved estimates of emissions from land use change, forest fires, and other anthropogenic sources (urban developments and thermal power station etc.) should be addressed. We also welcome discussions for designs and plans for future studies targeting city and country scale emission estimations using sophisticated modeling tools.