Thu. May 24, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM
A08 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)
convener:Michihiko Nakamura(Division of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Department of Earth Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Akihiko Tomiya(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Shanaka L de Silva (共同), Fidel Costa(Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanynag Technological University), Chairperson:Costa Fidel, Zellmer Georg
Processes leading to volcanic eruptions are central and yet still enigmatic issues in volcanology. Recent advances in understanding thermo-mechanical and open-system behavior of magma reservoirs and mineral zoning stratigraphy allow us to take a step forward to reveal the complex incubation processes during volcanic dormancy and following magma chamber tapping. This session aims at putting together recent knowledge on magmatic processes including 1) magma chamber evolution through magma reintrusion, crystallization-induced volatile exolution, magma mixing and gas fluxing, 2) externally-driven eruption trigger mechanisms, and 3) conduit processes and controls on eruption styles such as outgassing, dehydration-induced crystallization, fragmentation and rheological transition of ascending magmas. We welcome contributions based on petrological, mineralogical and geochemical analyses of pyroclasts and volcanic gasses, experimental simulations of magma reservoir conditions and conduit flow dynamics, and numerical modeling to integrate the elementary processes.