Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS02] Large-scale moisture and organized cloud systems

Tue. May 22, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 301B (3F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Hiroaki Miura(The University of Tokyo), Atsushi Hamada(Faculty of Sustainable Design, University of Toyama), Satoru Yokoi(海洋研究開発機構, 共同), Masaki Satoh(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Miura Hiroaki

3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

[AAS02-06] Influence of Sea Surface Temperature on Mid-Latitude Cyclones in an Idealized Framework

*Hai Hoang Bui1,2, Thomas Spengler1, Annick Terpstra1 (1.University of Bergen, 2.Hanoi University of Science)

Keywords:mid-latitude cyclone, sea surface temperature, idealized simulation

Mesoscale oceanic features, such as sea surface temperature (SST) fronts, where shown to have an influence on storm tracks and thus mid-latitude cyclones evolution and their trajectories. Hence, there is a need for a better understanding of how these mesoscale oceanic features interact with cyclones. While the essential mechanisms are sometimes difficult to isolate from observational data and complex models, an idealized framework can serve as a useful tool.

In this study, we investigate the influence of SSTs and SST fronts on mid-latitude cyclones using an idealized framework of moist baroclinic channel simulation. The initial balanced atmospheric fields are derived from an initial profile of zonal wind that resembles the jet stream. A series of experiments is designed to simulate different SSTs, including changes in the SST front location and strength. We will discuss the different mid-latitude cyclone evolutions in relation to the SST and pinpoint sensitivities with respect to the influence of basic state SST versus strength of the SST front.