Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS06] Atmospheric Chemistry

Thu. May 24, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A05 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Yoko Iwamoto(Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University), Tomoki Nakayama(Graduate School of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Nagasaki University), Sakae Toyoda(東京工業大学物質理工学院, 共同), Nawo Eguchi(Kyushu University), Chairperson:Ikeda Kohei(National Institute for Environmental Studies )

10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

[AAS06-11] Large uncertainty in black carbon radiative effect with resolved mixing state diversity

*Hitoshi MATSUI1, Douglas S. Hamilton2, Natalie M. Mahowald2 (1.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, 2.Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University)

Keywords:black carbon, mixing state, size distribution, radiative effect, global aerosol model

Atmospheric black carbon has a large but uncertain warming contribution to the Earth's climate. Particle size and mixing state determine the lifetime and solar absorption efficiency of black carbon. However, the mixing state of black carbon is not represented sufficiently in most global aerosol models. Here we show that the current uncertainty in aerosol size distributions in emissions introduces an unrecognized large uncertainty in black carbon direct radiative effect by using a state-of-the-art global aerosol model which resolves both particle size and mixing state. The range of the new uncertainty corresponds to 60% of the total uncertainty range of black carbon direct radiative effect in a recent black carbon assessment and is comparable to the inter-model variability of black carbon direct radiative effect simulated by global aerosol models. As the new uncertainty is 5-9 times larger than the uncertainty when mixing state is not resolved, we conclude a more realistic representation of mixing state which includes pure black carbon, thinly-coated black carbon, thickly-coated black carbon, and black carbon free particles, is necessary for accurate estimates of the heating effect of black carbon and its interactions with the climate system.