Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS06] Atmospheric Chemistry

Thu. May 24, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A05 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Yoko Iwamoto(Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University), Tomoki Nakayama(Graduate School of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Nagasaki University), Sakae Toyoda(東京工業大学物質理工学院, 共同), Nawo Eguchi(Kyushu University), Chairperson:Minejima Chika(International Christian University), Takigawa Masayuki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

[AAS06-19] 17O-excess of nitrous acid (HONO) in urban atmosphere: quantification of its sources

*Dong Ding1, kanou egawa2, Fumiko Nakagawa1, Urumu Tsunogai1, izumi noguchi3, takashi yamaguchi3 (1.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, 2.School of Science, Nagoya University, 3.Hokkaido Research Organization, Department of Environmental and Geological Research, Institute of Environmental Sciences)

Keywords:HONO, triple oxygen isotopic composition

Nitrous acid (HONO) is an important trace gas in the atmosphere because it plays an important role in tropospheric cycling of hydrogen oxides (HOX) and nitrogen oxides (NOX) due to the photolysis reaction: HONO+hv→OH+NO. The sources of atmospheric HONO, however, are not well understood, especially during the daytime, and need to elucidate the existing “unknown” sources, as well as precise estimation of formations rates of the “known” sources. The HONO sources can be divided into two categories: direct emissions and secondary formation. The former includes vehicle or industrial exhausts, biomass burning and soil microbial activities, while the latter indicates reactions of atmospheric NO, NO2 or nitrate (NO3-) via homogeneous and/or heterogeneous, such as homogeneous gas phase formation reaction (NO+OH→HONO), or the heterogeneous conversion of NO2 on humid surface with a first-order for NO2 (2NO2(g)+H2O(ads) →HONO(g)+HNO3(ads )). In order to estimate their relative importance, we used 17O-excess of atmospheric HONO as tracer; Δ17O values of HONO produced via secondary processes should have positive values owing to part/all of oxygen atoms originate from ozone (Δ17O>+30‰), while Δ17O value in directly emitted HONO should be zero because its oxygen atoms derive from H2O of O2.

In this study, the Δ17O value of HONO was determined by combining sensitive determination method on isotopic compositions of NO2- [Komatsu et al. (2008), Tsunogai et al. (2010)] with filter-pack method [Noguchi et al. (2007)] in which HONO was collected as NO2- on alkaline (K2CO3) impregnated filters. In order to determine diurnal variation in Δ17O value of HONO, an automated system for time-interval air sampling equipped with 6 four-stage-filter-packs were made and used it to collect atmospheric samples every 4 hours (16:00~20:00, 20:00~24:00, 0:00~4:00, 4:00~8:00, 8:00~12:00, 12:00~16:00, local time). The same K2CO3 impregnated filter, which is placed right after the first K2CO3 impregnated filter, was used to evaluate NO2-derived NO2- on the filter, and eliminate its influence on isotope measurements of atmospheric HONO.
Periodical sampling of atmospheric HONO was carried out at two sites; (1) at the roof of the Institute of Environmental Sciences in Sapporo, Japan (43° 04’ 55” N, 141° 20’ 00” E, 26m above ground) and (2) Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University (35° 09’ 07” N, 136° 58’ 20” E). The sample collection period was fixed to 3 to 7 days and with a flow rate of 10L/min. The daily mean Δ17O values of HONO ranged from +15‰ (December) to +17‰ (September) through the observation periods. The Δ17O values of HONO showed large diurnal variation; maximum value was observed around noon, while minimum value was found at night. The increasing Δ17O value after sunrise results from sunlight induced rapid production of HONO via secondary formation. There were no clear seasonal variation in Δ17O (HONO) of urban atmosphere. The estimated contribution of HONO derived from secondary formation in Nagoya was almost constant throughout the year of around 60%, leading us to conclude that the secondary formation are the dominant HONO sources in Nagoya. The result is apparently higher than that at Sapporo (around 30%), which might be due to higher NO2 concentration in Nagoya than that in Sapporo.