2:30 PM - 2:45 PM
[AAS06-19] 17O-excess of nitrous acid (HONO) in urban atmosphere: quantification of its sources
Keywords:HONO, triple oxygen isotopic composition
In this study, the Δ17O value of HONO was determined by combining sensitive determination method on isotopic compositions of NO2- [Komatsu et al. (2008), Tsunogai et al. (2010)] with filter-pack method [Noguchi et al. (2007)] in which HONO was collected as NO2- on alkaline (K2CO3) impregnated filters. In order to determine diurnal variation in Δ17O value of HONO, an automated system for time-interval air sampling equipped with 6 four-stage-filter-packs were made and used it to collect atmospheric samples every 4 hours (16:00~20:00, 20:00~24:00, 0:00~4:00, 4:00~8:00, 8:00~12:00, 12:00~16:00, local time). The same K2CO3 impregnated filter, which is placed right after the first K2CO3 impregnated filter, was used to evaluate NO2-derived NO2- on the filter, and eliminate its influence on isotope measurements of atmospheric HONO.
Periodical sampling of atmospheric HONO was carried out at two sites; (1) at the roof of the Institute of Environmental Sciences in Sapporo, Japan (43° 04’ 55” N, 141° 20’ 00” E, 26m above ground) and (2) Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University (35° 09’ 07” N, 136° 58’ 20” E). The sample collection period was fixed to 3 to 7 days and with a flow rate of 10L/min. The daily mean Δ17O values of HONO ranged from +15‰ (December) to +17‰ (September) through the observation periods. The Δ17O values of HONO showed large diurnal variation; maximum value was observed around noon, while minimum value was found at night. The increasing Δ17O value after sunrise results from sunlight induced rapid production of HONO via secondary formation. There were no clear seasonal variation in Δ17O (HONO) of urban atmosphere. The estimated contribution of HONO derived from secondary formation in Nagoya was almost constant throughout the year of around 60%, leading us to conclude that the secondary formation are the dominant HONO sources in Nagoya. The result is apparently higher than that at Sapporo (around 30%), which might be due to higher NO2 concentration in Nagoya than that in Sapporo.