Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS06] Atmospheric Chemistry

Wed. May 23, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yoko Iwamoto(Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University), Tomoki Nakayama(Graduate School of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Nagasaki University), Sakae Toyoda(東京工業大学物質理工学院, 共同), Nawo Eguchi(Kyushu University)

[AAS06-P05] Continuous measurements of atmospheric O2 and CO2 at Tokyo

*Yu Hoshina1, Yasunori Tohjima1, Yukio Terao1, Keiichi Katsumata1, Mai Ohuchi1, Toshinobu Machida1 (1.National Institute for Environmental Studies)

High-precision measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) in megacities are useful to validate the inventories of the fossil fuel-derived CO2 emissions. In addition, recent studies suggest that combination of the atmospheric oxygen (O2) and CO2 measurements have potential for disaggregate the emissions of CO2 into biosphere and fossil fuel combustions, which are coal, liquid fuel and natural gas. Since the exchange ratios between O2 and CO2 (−O2/CO2) are difference values for fossil fuel burning (1.17 for coal, 1.44 for liquid fuel and 1.95 for natural gas) and biotic process (1.0) due to depending on the elemental compositions. For a better understanding of the seasonal and long-term changes in CO2 emission and contribution from fuels in the megacity, we started a continuous observation of atmospheric O2 and CO2 concentration at Tokyo Skytree in February 2017.

The observed CO2 showed not only a seasonal variation but also short-term variations with amplitudes of more than several tens ppm, which were mirrored by the O2 variations. The monthly averages of the −O2/CO2 ratios for the short-term variations, ranging from 1.35 to 1.63, were low in summer–autumn and high in winter. Since the short-term variations unclear correspond to the diurnal cycles, these variations may be attributed to the synoptic scale mixing of air. Examining the relation between CO2 concentration and wind direction, we found that the high CO2 concentration events with durations of several hours to few days were often observed when southwest wind blew. It should be noted that the −O2/CO2 ratio of such high CO2 event tended to be high. This result seems to suggest that there are strong CO2 sources with relatively high −O2/CO2 ratio, for example natural gas-fired plants, to the southwest of Tokyo Skytree.