Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS07] Stratosphere-troposphere Processes And their Role in Climate

Wed. May 23, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A07 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Shingo Watanabe(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Yoshio Kawatani(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takashi Sekiya(国立研究開発法人 海洋研究開発機構, 共同), Kaoru Sato(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Kawatani Yoshio

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[AAS07-05] Intermittency of the Gravity Waves in the Polar Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere Based on the PANSY Radar Observation

*Yuichi Minamihara1, Kaoru Sato1, Masaki Tsutsumi2 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 2.National Institute of Polar Research)

Keywords:gravity waves, polar region, middle atmosphere

It is known that the momentum fluxes associated with gravity waves (GWs) significantly vary both in time and space. It is important to qualify the intermittency, because mean momentum flux values are not sufficient to determine momentum deposition by GWs. Sporadic GWs with large amplitudes tend to decay and/or break, and deposit momentum at lower altitudes compared to continuous GWs with small amplitudes, even though both GWs associate the same amount of momentum fluxes as an average. Thus, the intermittency can largely affect the vertical profile of momentum flux convergences (i.e., wave forcing to the mean wind) in the middle atmosphere. Recent observations with high time resolution enable us to make an analysis of momentum flux characteristics in term of the intermittency (e.g. Herzog et al., 2012). In this study, the long-duration observation with high resolution and accuracy based on the PANSY radar, which is the largest MST (Mesosphere-Stratosphere-Troposphere) radar in the Antarctic, are used to study the intermittency of GWs in the lower stratosphere and troposphere above Syowa Station.

One method to describe the intermittency quantitatively is the use of Gini coefficient (Ig) (e.g., Plougonven et al., 2013; Alexander et al., 2016). In any season, Gini-coefficient is large (Ig=0.6–0.7) in the troposphere, while it is small (Ig=0.3–0.5) in the stratosphere. This means that the intermittency in the stratosphere is smaller than in the lower troposphere. Alexander et al. (2016) estimated the Gini coefficient in the lowest stratosphere over the coastal Antarctica as 0.5–0.6 using simulation data from a GW-permitting GCM which contains no GW parameterizations (Watanabe et al., 2008). The mean value of Gini-coefficient estimated in this study roughly accord with but slightly smaller than the value by Alexander et al. (2016). The seasonal variation of the intermittency is found. The region with quite small Gini coefficient (Ig=0.3–0.4) in the stratosphere extends to the upper troposphere, whose usual Gini coefficient is 0.4–0.5, from Jun to July 2016. It is also worth noting that the intermittency of GWs is quite sensitive to the strong disturbances occurring several times a year, which means that the intermittency of GWs varies greatly year to year.