Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS07] Stratosphere-troposphere Processes And their Role in Climate

Wed. May 23, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Shingo Watanabe(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Yoshio Kawatani(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takashi Sekiya(国立研究開発法人 海洋研究開発機構, 共同), Kaoru Sato(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo)

[AAS07-P07] Global microphysical simulations of stratospheric sulfate aerosols after explosive volcanic eruptions

*Takashi Sekiya1, Kengo Sudo2,1, Masayuki Takigawa1 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University)

Keywords:Stratospheric aerosols, Aerosol-radiation interactions, Chemistry-climate model

Large-scale volcanic eruptions can directly inject large amounts of sulfur dioxide (SO2) into the stratosphere, where the SO2 is oxidized to form sulfate aerosols. These aerosols have significant impacts on climate by scattering visible radiation and by absorbing near-infrared radiation. Aerosol microphysical properties are a major source of uncertainty for volcanic effects on stratospheric aerosol residence time, temperature anomalies, and ozone anomalies. Previous observation studies have reported a shift to a larger stratospheric aerosol size distribution following large volcanic eruptions. We performed global microphysical simulation of stratospheric sulfate aerosols after the 1963 Mt. Agung and the 1991 Mt. Pinatubo eruptions. The model-observation comparisons demonstrated that the model generally captured well spatial and temporal variations in stratospheric aerosol optical depth (SAOD) derived from the IACETH stratospheric aerosols forcing data set for CMIP6 simulations. The model simulation also showed an increase in effective radius by up to 0.5 μm at Laramie, Wyoming (41°N, 105°W) after the 1991 Mt. Pinatubo eruption. In addition, we compared temperature anomalies in the stratosphere after the eruptions between JRA-55 re-analysis data and the model simulations. The model simulations and re-analysis data showed a comparable increase in temperature by about 2 K after the Agung eruption and by about 3 K after the Pinatubo eruption at 50 hPa over the tropics (15°S-15°N).