Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CC Cryospheric Sciences & Cold District Environment

[A-CC29] Ice cores and paleoenvironmental modeling

Tue. May 22, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Ryu Uemura(University of the Ryukyus), Kenji Kawamura(National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems), Ayako Abe-Ouchi(東京大学大気海洋研究所, 共同), Nozomu Takeuchi(Chiba University)

[ACC29-P11] Iron fertilization and atmospheric CO2 change during Heinrich event: a model study

*Akitomo Yamamoto1, Ayako Abe-Ouchi2,1 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and TechnologyAtmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, 2.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:ocean carbon cycle, glacial-interglacial cycle, iron cycle, ocean biogeochemical model

Weakening of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) during Heinrich events was often accompanied by the atmospheric CO2 increase of 10−20 ppm over 1000 years (Ahn and Brook, 2008). However, previous modeling studies display conflicting atmospheric CO2 responses to an AMOC shut down. Recent paleoproxy records suggest that dwindling iron fertilization by dust in the Southern Ocean can also explain millennial-scale CO2 oscillations (Martínez-García et al., 2014). In this study, we investigate the response of atmospheric CO2 to changes in ocean circulation and dust-borne iron supply using numerical models. In associate with the AMOC weakening from 26 Sv to 6 Sv, the atmospheric CO2 decreases by 0.5 ppmv over 1000 years. Combining AMOC weakening and decrease in dust-borne iron supply, the atmospheric CO2 increases by 16 ppm over 1000 years. Reduction in export production associated with dwindling iron supply in the Southern Ocean release carbon from the deep sea, contributing to the rise of atmospheric CO2. Reduction in export production also increases dissolved oxygen in the Antarctic Bottom Water, which is consistent with proxy records. Our results support the contribution of changes in dust-borne iron supply to the millennial CO2 change in the glacial periods.