Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG34] Extratropical oceans and atmosphere

Mon. May 21, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 201B (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Hatsumi Nishikawa(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Yoshi N Sasaki(Hokkaido University), Satoru Okajima(東京大学先端科学技術研究センター, 共同), Thomas Spengler(University of Bergen), Chairperson:Miyamoto Ayumu, Tsopouridis Leonidas

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

[ACG34-04] Changes in Marine Fog over the North Pacific in Warmer Climates

*Hideaki Kawai1, Tsuyoshi Koshiro1, Hirokazu Endo1, Osamu Arakawa2 (1.Meteorological Research Institute, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

Keywords:marine fog, mid latitude, climate change, air-sea interaction, CMIP5

Marine fog, which occurs in an atmospheric layer that touches the ocean, frequently prevails over the mid-latitude ocean. Therefore, marine fog is one of the most prominent phenomena which are related directly to air-sea interaction in the mid-latitudes. Most marine fog over the North Pacific is advection fog; warm surface air transported by southerly wind over the cold ocean is cooled by the sea surface and the water vapor is condensed into fog. This presentation shows the changes in the occurrence of marine fog over the summer North Pacific in warmer sea surface temperature (SST) and the mechanism that is revealed by using the CMIP5 multi-model data (based on atmospheric model simulations where SST is given).

It was revealed that there is a clear relationship between the changes in marine fog occurrence in the North Pacific and the changes in the North Pacific high-pressure system accompanied by changes in horizontal wind patterns. For instance, when SST is increased, the North Pacific high-pressure system is weakened. Consequently, marine fog decreases due to weakening of southerly wind in the western North Pacific and increases due to strengthening of southerly wind in the eastern North Pacific (Fig. 1). Most CMIP5 models indicate similar changes, and thus these changes must be reliable. If time permits, we also discuss marine fog changes in another ideal climate where CO2 concentration is increased without changes in SST.