4:30 PM - 4:45 PM
[ACG34-11] Influence of Sea Surface Temperature Fronts and Jet Streams on the evolution of North Atlantic Storms
Keywords:Cyclones, Storm Tracks, SST Front, Jet Stream
To gain a more mechanistic understanding of the connection between cyclones, SST fronts, and jet streams, we track individual cyclones and their characteristics to categorize them in terms of their propagation relative to SST fronts and jet streams. We focus on cyclones in the North Atlantic and detect them in the ERA-Interim reanalysis for the period 1979-2015 using the University of Melbourne tracking algorithm. The positions of the North Atlantic SST front and jet stream are also objectively detected with established algorithms. Each North Atlantic cyclone is then classified by its trajectory with respect to the position of the SST front and the jet stream, where trajectories can either be north, south, or crossing the SST front or jet stream in either northward or southward direction. Cyclones crossing the SST front northward are found to be the most rapidly developing storms, accompanied by the most vigorous precipitation, while storms remaining south of the SST front are associated with the highest surface fluxes. Our results shed light on how cyclones respond to the SST front and jet position based on their different trajectories, with particular focus on storm development and intensity, distribution and type of precipitation, as well as surface fluxes.