Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG34] Extratropical oceans and atmosphere

Mon. May 21, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 201B (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Hatsumi Nishikawa(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Yoshi N Sasaki(Hokkaido University), Satoru Okajima(東京大学先端科学技術研究センター, 共同), Thomas Spengler(University of Bergen), Chairperson:Haualand Kristine, Nishikawa Hatsumi

4:45 PM - 5:00 PM

[ACG34-12] Influence of surface fluxes on mesoscale cyclone development: idealised simulations

*Annick Terpstra1, Thomas Spengler1 (1.Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, Norway and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Bergen, Norway)

Keywords:air-sea interaction, cyclone developement, idealised baroclinic channel

Excursions of cold air masses into oceanic regions are
frequently accompanied by the development of intense mesoscale cyclones. This particular
ocean-atmosphere configuration exhibits favorable conditions for relative large surface
turbulence exchange of momentum, moisture, and heat. In this study, we examine the
impact of this air-sea-exchange on the development of such mesoscale cyclones.

We utilise an idealised numerical channel model to gain insight into the role of surface heat
and moisture fluxes on the dynamical evolution of mesoscale cyclones. The initial setup consists of a
baroclinic jet in thermal wind balance. To mimic cold air outbreaks, we prescribe sea surface
temperatures that are higher than the low-level air temperature. This setup enables a
systematic investigation of the relative contributions from surface sensible and latent heat
fluxes on cyclone development by varying the intensity of the initial baroclinicity, moisture,
and air-sea temperature difference. In addition, we investigate the relative role of sensible
and latent heat fluxes by gradually changing the intensity of surface exchange in a set of
sensitivity experiments. Identification of moisture sources and sinks further illustrates the
role of surface heat and moisture exchange on the intensification of mesoscale cyclones.