Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG36] Satellite Earth Environment Observation

Thu. May 24, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM International Conference Room (IC) (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Riko Oki(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Yoshiaki HONDA(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University), Yukari Takayabu(東京大学 大気海洋研究所, 共同), Tsuneo Matsunaga(Center for Global Environmental Research and Satellite Observation Center, National Institute for Environmental Studies), Allen HL Huang (University of Wisconsin Madison), Chairperson:Matsunaga Tsuneo

2:00 PM - 2:15 PM

[ACG36-20] GOSAT data-based study for GOSAT-2 new products, proxy-based XCH4 and solar induced chlorophyll fluorescence

*Haruki Oshio1, Yukio Yoshida1, Tsuneo Matsunaga1 (1.National Institute for Environmental Studies)

Keywords:carbon dioxide, methane, solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence, GOSAT

The Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) has been operating for more than nine years. As a successor mission to the GOSAT, GOSAT-2 is planned to be launched in FY2018. In addition to the full-physics based column-average dry mole fractions of carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, and carbon monoxide (XCO2, XCH4, XH2O, and XCO) products, we are planning to provide the proxy-based XCH4 and the solar induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) as new products.

Proxy-based method has been used to retrieve XCH4 from solar backscatter observations (Frankenberg et al., 2005). In the same way as previous studies, retrieval of XCH4 and XCO2 under clear-sky assumption (XCH4,clear and XCO2,clear) was conducted using GOSAT CH4 1.67 μm band and CO2 1.6 μm band, respectively. Before multiplying XCO2 model value to their ratio (XCH4,clear / XCO2,clear) to obtain XCH4, we compared the ratio with ground-based measurements (Total Carbon Column Observing Network: TCCON) while considering the cloud fraction and the existence of cirrus . As expected, most of the cloud and aerosol related errors were canceled in the ratio. Data having large error could be effectively screened out using goodness of spectral fit, difference in air pressure between retrieval and prior value, and cone angle. The retrieved ratio showed only small positive bias (0.2% ± 0.8% and 0.3% ± 0.9% for no 2μ cirrus exist and 2μ cirrus exist data, respectively) compared with TCCON. The variations in the bias between TCCON sites were 0.3% and 1.1%, respectively.

SIF has been retrieved from satellite data using Fraunhofer lines near O2 A-band (Frankenberg et al., 2011). For GOSAT, correction of the artifact signal (zero-level offset caused by non-linearity of the analog circuit in the spectrometer) is required to obtain SIF (retrieved signal = SIF + zero-level offset). The zero-level offset can be evaluated from the retrieved signal over the areas where the value of SIF is expected to be zero. Although it is currently unknown that such correction is required for GOSAT-2 SIF retrieval, zero-level offset correction was tested using GOSAT data. We investigated the retrieved signal for clouds and bare soils and confirmed its applicability to the offset correction. Zero-level offset correction was then conducted separately for the P and S polarized components while considering offset’s temporal change and dependence on the observed radiance. The derived SIF was compared with the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) SIF product. For some specific locations, influence of the difference in viewing angle between GOSAT and OCO-2 on the comparison was assessed using three-dimensional radiative transfer model of vegetation.