Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG38] Science in the Arctic Region

Thu. May 24, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 201A (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Shun Tsutaki(The University of Tokyo), NAOYA KANNA(Arctic Research Center, Hokkaido University), Shunsuke Tei(北海道大学 北極域研究センター, 共同), Tetsu Nakamura(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chairperson:Tei Shunsuke(Arctic Research Center, Hokkaido University)

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

[ACG38-03] Hydrological Variability and Changes in the Arctic Circumpolar Tundra and the Three Largest Pan-Arctic River Basins from 2002 to 2016

*Kazuyoshi Suzuki1, Koji Matsuo2, Dai Yamazaki1,3, Kazuhito Ichii4, Yoshihiro Iijima5, Fabrice Papa6, Yuji Yanagi1, Tetsuya Hiyama7 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.Geospatial Information Authority of Japan, 3.Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, 4.Center for Environmental Remote Sensing (CEReS), Chiba University, 5.Graduate School of Bioresources, Mie University, 6.Laboratoire d'Etudes en Géophysique et Océanographie Spatiales, Université de Toulouse, 7.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University)

Keywords:Arctic Hydrlogical Cycle, Arctic Summer Warming, Premafrost degradation

The Arctic freshwater budget is critical for understanding the climate in the northern regions. However, the hydrology of the Arctic circumpolar tundra region (ACTR) and the largest pan-Arctic rivers are still not well understood. In this paper, we analyze the spatiotemporal variations in the terrestrial water storage (TWS) of the ACTR and three of the largest pan-Arctic river basins (Lena, Mackenzie, Yukon). To do this, we utilize monthly Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) data from 2002 to 2016. Together with global land reanalysis, and river runoff data, we identify declining TWS trends throughout the ACTR that we attribute largely to increasing evapotranspiration driven by increasing summer air temperatures. In terms of regional changes, large and significant negative trends in TWS are observed mainly over the North American continent. At basin scale, we show that, in the Lena River basin, the autumnal TWS signal persists until the spring of the following year, while in the Mackenzie River basin, the TWS level in the autumn and winter has no significant impact on the following year. As expected global warming is expected to be particularly significant in the northern regions, our results are important for understanding future TWS trends, with possible further decline.

Suzuki, K., Matsuo, K, Yamazaki, D, Ichii, K, Iijima, Y, Papa, F, Yanagi, Y, Hiyama, T (2018) Hydrological variability and changes in the Arctic circumpolar tundra and the three largest pan-Arctic river basins from 2002 to 2016. Remote Sensing, In press.