Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG38] Science in the Arctic Region

Thu. May 24, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 201A (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Shun Tsutaki(The University of Tokyo), NAOYA KANNA(Arctic Research Center, Hokkaido University), Shunsuke Tei(北海道大学 北極域研究センター, 共同), Tetsu Nakamura(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chairperson:Tei Shunsuke(Arctic Research Center, Hokkaido University)

10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

[ACG38-06] Seasonal feedback analysis on polar amplification in warm climate induced by orbit/CO2 with vegetation change

*Ryouta O'ishi1, Kanon Kino1, Ayako Abe-Ouchi1,2, Masakazu Yoshimori3, Marina Suzuki4 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the Universitoy of Tokyo, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Global Institution for Collaborative Research and Education, and Arctic Research Center, Hokkaido University, 4.Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:polar amplification, vegetation feedback, paleoclimate modeling

Past proxy records indicate the mid-Holocene (6ka) and the last interglacial (127ka) are warmer than the present-day due to the different orbital parameters of the Earth (Otto-Bliesner et al. 2013). In both periods, warming in high latitude is much larger than that of global average, a.k.a. polar amplification, which is also seen in CO2-induced climate warming projection. O’ishi and Abe-Ouchi (2011) used a vegetation coupled GCM and quantified the contribution of vegetation feedback to warming in 6ka and revealed the importance of vegeation feedback to reproduce the warming in high latitudes. In the present study, we applied a feedback analysis method proposed by Lu and Cai (2009) on 6ka, 127ka and doubled CO2 by vegetation-coupled GCM experiments similar to O’ishi and Abe-Ouchi (2011) to reveal more detailed feedback mechanisms with and without vegetation feedback. The result shows vegeation feedback strengthen the polar amplification in all 6ka, 127ka and double CO2 case, but the contribution of vegetation feedback is far larger in orbit induced case (6ka and 127ka) than doubled CO2 case.