11:45 AM - 12:00 PM
[ACG39-11] Global temperature fluctuations due to tropical Pacific decadal variability and their uncertainty
Keywords:Global warming, ENSO, IPO
All the models commonly present larger GMST anomalies in decadal than interannual variability associated with 1ºC increase of tropical Pacific SST. This time-scale dependence arises from wider meridional extent of SST anomalies in the tropical and subtropical Pacific and larger sensitivity in the mid- and high latitudes. The former has been recognized as the structural difference between El Niño-Southern Oscillation and the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation. The latter is due to the longer intrinsic time scales of the extratropical oceans and sea ice. Furthermore, decadal GMST sensitivity is strikingly diverse among models, in contrast to the interannual variability. This diversity is pronounced in the Northern high latitudes and the Southern Ocean. Our analysis on Arctic sea ice variations demonstrates the time-scale dependence and multi-model diversity. The model uncertainty could lead to inconclusive attribution results on the recent global warming slowdown.