Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG42] Coastal Ecosystems - 1. Water Cycle and Land-Ocean Interactions

Thu. May 24, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 201B (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Ryo Sugimoto(Faculty of Marine Biosciences, Fukui Prefectural University), Jun Shoji(Hiroshima University), Makoto Yamada(龍谷大学経済学部, 共同), Masahiko Fujii(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science), Chairperson:Sugimoto Ryo, Yamada Makoto

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[ACG42-07] Estimating of the environment of Submarine Groundwater Discharge(SGD) in Otsuchi Bay and Funakoshi Bay, using carbon stable isotope of shell of bivalves.

*Masaru Takeuchi1, Tatsuhiro Ishida1, Toshimi Nakajima1, Ryo Sugimoto1, Hisami Honda2, Makoto Taniguchi2, Jun Shoji3, Osamu Tominaga1 (1.Fukui Prefectural Universiy, 2.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, 3.Hiroshima University)

Keywords:submarine groundwater discharge(SGD), carbon stable isotope, Pacific oyster(Crassostrea gigas), mussel(Mytilus coruscus), Otsuchi Bay, Funakoshi Bay

Submarine Groundwater Discharge (SGD) is often characterized by high concentration of nutrients and documented as an important pathway between land and sea contributing to the biological productivity in coastal waters. We investigated to what extent SGD contributed to the production of primary consumer by the sampling survey of oyster and mussel at two sites (Otsuchi Bay and Funakoshi Bay, Iwate Prefecture) along Pacific coast of northern Honshu island in August 2017. The Radon 222 (222Rn) concentration that is a useful tracer of SGD was measured. Pacific oyster (Crossostrea gigas ) and mussel (Mytilus coruscus ) were also sampled at 2 areas. The measurement of δ13C of ambient water (δ13CDIC) was conducted by an elemental analyzer-isotope ratio mass spectrometer with Gasbench. The edge of the oyster shell was grinded by micro drill and δ13C of carbonate powders was measured. In order to estimate the contribution rate of SGD, we used the classical two end member mixing model incorporating DIC concentration of both sea water and fresh underground water.
The average 222Rn concentrations were 228.9±22.4 (Bq/m3) in Otsuchi Bay and 115.0±18.4 (Bq/m3) in Funakoshi Bay, respectively. The contribution rates of SGD in coastal areas estimated from δ13CDIC were 17.4±5.7% in Otsuchi Bay, and 9.0±1.6% in Funakoshi Bay, and those in offshore area were from 0.2±0.3% to 4.0±0.6% in Otsuchi Bay. The contribution rates of SGD in coastal areas estimated from δ13CSHELL of C. gigas and M. coruscus were 21.9±2.4 and 10.5±11.4% in Otuchi Bay, respectively, and 3.2±3.3 and 6.9±8.8% in Funakoshi Bay, respectively. Thus, the contribution rates estimated from the bivalves in Otsuchi Bay are higher than those in Funakoshi Bay. The contribution rates of SGD in offshore area estimated from δ13CSHELL of M. coruscus was from 0±10.5% to 12.4±2.8% in Otsuchi Bay. These results suggested that SGD contributes to the biological products in not only coastal areas but also offshore area in Otsuchi Bay. However, we did not divide the source of freshwater into SGD and riverine water. It is necessary to develop the three source model to evaluate the contribution rate of SGD.