[AGE31-P09] Estimation of LNAPL concentration in unsaturated soil using thermo-TDR
Keywords:LNAPL, thermo-TDR, dielectric constant, volumetric heat capacity, thermal conductivity
A new thermo-TDR sensor which has longer stainless steel probes than those of traditional sensors was developed. The developed sensor showed improvement in accuracy of dielectric constant measurement. However, the accuracy of volumetric heat capacity was degraded. Dielectric constant showed clear correlation with dielectric constant regardless of LNAPL content. Volumetric heat capacity and thermal conductivity were the functions of volumetric liquid content, i.e., sum of volumetric water content and volumetric LNAPL content, although there were minor effects of LNAPL content. Therefore, we examined the estimation of LNAPL content from dielectric constant and volumetric heat capacity, or from dielectric constant and thermal conductivity.
The estimation of LNAPL content from dielectric constant and volumetric heat capacity showed higher accuracy than that from dielectric constant and thermal conductivity. This is because the effect of LNAPL content on the thermal conductivity was bigger than that on the volumetric heat capacity. However, the estimation accuracy of LNAPL content from dielectric constant and volumetric heat capacity was not high again, i.e., at most 12% error was observed. In order to much improve the LNAPL content estimation with thermo-TDR, higher accuracy of dielectric constant, volumetric heat capacity, and thermal conductivity is necessary. Even the accuracy of dielectric constant measurement improved by the new sensor was not sufficient. In addition, utilizing electrical conductivity may be beneficial to improve the accuracy even though electrical conductivity was not used in this study. Also developing another new sensor might be necessary to improve this method.